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Little Chief Mountain
Little Chief Mountain GNP1.jpg
Little Chief Mountain
Highest point
Elevation 9,546 ft (2,910 m)
Prominence 1,781 ft (543 m)
Parent peak Blackfoot Mountain
Listing Mountains in Glacier County, Montana
Geography
Location Glacier County, Montana, U.S.
Parent range Lewis Range
Topo map USGS Rising Sun, MT
Climbing
First ascent 1894 (Henry L. Stimson)

Little Chief Mountain (9,546 feet (2,910 m)) is located in the Lewis Range, Glacier National Park in the U.S. state of Montana. Little Chief Mountain is easily seen from the Going-to-the-Sun Road, rising to the south of Saint Mary Lake. Little Chief Mountain was named in 1887 by George Bird Grinnell for his friend, Captain Luther North, U.S. Army. "Little Chief" was his Pawnee name, given to him by his Pawnee scouts.

Climate

Based on the Köppen climate classification, Little Chief Mountain is located in a subarctic climate zone characterized by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers. Temperatures can drop below −10 °F with wind chill factors below −30 °F.

Geology

Little Chief Mountain, northwest aspect
Little Chief Mountain, northwest aspect

Like other mountains in Glacier National Park, Little Chief Mountain is composed of sedimentary rock laid down during the Precambrian to Jurassic periods. Formed in shallow seas, this sedimentary rock was initially uplifted beginning 170 million years ago when the Lewis Overthrust fault pushed an enormous slab of precambrian rocks 3 mi (4.8 km) thick, 50 miles (80 km) wide and 160 miles (260 km) long over younger rock of the cretaceous period.

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