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Little Matterhorn (Montana) facts for kids

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Little Matterhorn
Little Matterhorn.jpg
Little Matterhorn, west aspect
Highest point
Elevation 7,886 ft (2,404 m)
Prominence 526 ft (160 m)
Geography
Location Glacier National Park
Flathead County, Montana, U.S.
Parent range Lewis Range
Topo map USGS Mount Cannon
Type of rock Sedimentary rock
Climbing
Easiest route West face class 4

Little Matterhorn is a 7,886-foot (2,404 meter) elevation mountain summit located in the Lewis Range, of Glacier National Park in the U.S. state of Montana. The nearest higher peak is Edwards Mountain, 0.9 miles (1.4 km) to the south. Precipitation runoff from the mountain drains into creeks which empty into Lake McDonald. Based on the Köppen climate classification, Little Matterhorn has an alpine climate characterized by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers. Temperatures can drop below −10 °F with wind chill factors below −30 °F.

Geology

Like other mountains in Glacier National Park, Little Matterhorn is composed of sedimentary rock laid down during the Precambrian to Jurassic periods. Formed in shallow seas, this sedimentary rock was initially uplifted beginning 170 million years ago when the Lewis Overthrust fault pushed an enormous slab of precambrian rocks 3 mi (4.8 km) thick, 50 miles (80 km) wide and 160 miles (260 km) long over younger rock of the cretaceous period.

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