Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Manzanita Band
of Diegueño Mission Indians
Total population
(67 enrolled members)
Regions with significant populations
United States United States California (California)
Languages
Kumeyaay, English
Religion
Traditional tribal religion,
Christianity (Roman Catholicism)
Related ethnic groups
other Kumeyaay tribes, Cocopa,
Quechan, Paipai, and Kiliwa

The Manzanita Band of Diegueño Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation is a federally recognized tribe of Kumeyaay Indians, who are sometimes known as part of the Mission Indians.

Culture

Because the Manzanita Band is one of the Kumeyaay band of Indians, their culture has everything to do with the Kumeyaays. For example, Kumeyaay customs are passed through generations and they gather in both times of celebration and griefs. Kumeyaay Culture deals a lot with songs. Song showed them how to survive and contains the collective wisdom of the Kumeyaay. Some popular songs include the Bird Songs and the Eagle Dance. The social structure of the bands included the shiimull, which is an ancestral descent group, that is governed by a hierarchy of kwaaypaays. In 1769, when the Spanish arrived, there were around 50 and 75 shiimull, or bands existed. Each one of these bands included 5 to 15 family groups. Kumeyaay Indians also foraged for flora that they can use and hunt for animals depending on the season. Besides hunting for food,the Kumeyaay also planted trees and fields of grain,squash, beans and corn gathered and grew medicinal herbs and plants, and ate floras like fresh fruits, berries, pine nuts and acorn .They are also known for their basket weaving.The people had sophisticated practices of agriculture, plant and animal husbandry; maintained wild animal stocks, They also built dams and created watersheds that stored groundwater. Another thing was they also controlled erosion and overgrowth.

Reservation

The Manzanita Reservation (32°45′17″N 116°20′46″W / 32.75472°N 116.34611°W / 32.75472; -116.34611) is a federal Indian reservation located in the southern Laguna Mountains near Boulevard, in southeastern San Diego County, California. It is within ten miles (16 km) north of the US-Mexico Border and is in the Dieguno Region.The reservation is also 67 miles east of the city San Diego on Interstate 8. Through the authority of the Executive Order of 1891, the reservation was built on 640 acres of reserved land in 1893. In 1907 the reserve land was increased. The reservation is now currently 3,579 acres (14.48 km2) large with a population of approximately 67-69 and is held in a trust by the U.S Government which meant the land is still technically owned by the US Government.

It was established in 1893. In 1973, 6 out of 69 enrolled members lived on the reservation. The reservation lies adjacent to both the Campo Indian Reservation and the La Posta Indian Reservation. The nearest off-reservation communities are Boulevard and Campo.

In the present day there are 13 small Kumeyaay Indian reservations in San Diego County, California; and 4 Kumiai Indio tribal community ranches in northern Baja California state, Mexico.

Southern California Indian Linguistic Groups
Southern California Indian Tribal Borders

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