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Marshall
Masserculleq
City
Country United States
State Alaska
Census Area Kusilvak
Incorporated June 9, 1970
Area
 • Total 4.7 sq mi (12.2 km2)
 • Land 4.7 sq mi (12.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 115 ft (35 m)
Population (2007)
 • Total 378
 • Density 73.9/sq mi (28.5/km2)
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code 99585
Area code(s) 907
FIPS code 02-47000

Marshall (Masserculleq in Central Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 349.

Geography

Marshall is located at 61°52′41″N 162°05′05″W / 61.878073°N 162.084812°W / 61.878073; -162.084812.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12 km2), all of it land.

Sand Hill Cranes, Marshall, AK
Sand Hill Cranes, Marshall, AK

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 91
1950 95 4.4%
1960 166 74.7%
1970 175 5.4%
1980 262 49.7%
1990 273 4.2%
2000 349 27.8%
2010 414 18.6%
Est. 2015 449 8.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 349 people, 91 households, and 73 families residing in the city. The population density was 73.9 people per square mile (28.5/km²). There were 104 housing units at an average density of 22.0 per square mile (8.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 2.01% White, 95.99% Alaska Native or Native American, and 2.01% from two or more races. 0.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 91 households out of which 59.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.7% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.84 and the average family size was 4.23.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 45.3% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 4.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,917, and the median income for a family was $37,750. Males had a median income of $25,469 versus $37,917 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,597. About 20.8% of families and 28.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.7% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

History

Marshall's previous name, changed in 1984, from Fortuna Ledge, was a mining village in the 1800s and early 1900s, with mining operations in Wilson Creek, just down river from the Ledge. With that, many Alaska Natives were moved from other villages, as far away as Unalakleet, Ohogamuit and Takchak. With that, there are two main Native groups, the Yupik descendants, hailing from both Takchak and Ohogamuit, and the Inupiaq descendants, hailing from Unalakleet. Along with those of Native descent, Marshall hosts a population of people of Russian descendant mixed with Inupiaqs and has become a Yup'ik/Inupiaq/Russian community.

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