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McFarland, Kansas facts for kids

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McFarland, Kansas
Location within Wabaunsee County and Kansas
Location within Wabaunsee County and Kansas
KDOT map of Wabaunsee County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°3′12″N 96°14′20″W / 39.05333°N 96.23889°W / 39.05333; -96.23889Coordinates: 39°3′12″N 96°14′20″W / 39.05333°N 96.23889°W / 39.05333; -96.23889
Country United States
State Kansas
County Wabaunsee
Founded 1887
Incorporated 1903
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
Area
 • Total 0.19 sq mi (0.48 km2)
 • Land 0.18 sq mi (0.46 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
1,017 ft (310 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 256
 • Estimate 
(2019)
248
 • Density 1,393.26/sq mi (539.36/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66501
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-43775
GNIS ID 476608

McFarland is a city in Wabaunsee County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 256.

History

1907 Noller store McFarland Kansas USA
Noller store in McFarland, 1907

McFarland was established in June 1887 by S.H. Fairfield. It was named after J. N. McFarland, a Topeka, Kansas judge and member of the town company.

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a main line from Topeka through McFarland to Herington. The Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway was foreclosed in 1891 and taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".

Circa 1910, over 30 passenger trains per day passed through McFarland.

Geography

McFarland is located at 39°3′12″N 96°14′20″W / 39.05333°N 96.23889°W / 39.05333; -96.23889 (39.053241, -96.238934). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.19 square miles (0.49 km2), of which, 0.18 square miles (0.47 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, McFarland has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 388
1920 579 49.2%
1930 399 −31.1%
1940 336 −15.8%
1950 279 −17.0%
1960 256 −8.2%
1970 209 −18.4%
1980 242 15.8%
1990 224 −7.4%
2000 271 21.0%
2010 256 −5.5%
2019 (est.) 248 −3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

McFarland is part of the Topeka, Kansas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 256 people, 110 households, and 68 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,422.2 inhabitants per square mile (549.1/km2). There were 123 housing units at an average density of 683.3 per square mile (263.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.7% White, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.7% of the population.

There were 110 households, of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.2% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 40.5 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 30.5% were from 45 to 64; and 14.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.3% male and 45.7% female.

Education

The community is served by Wabaunsee USD 329 public school district. USD 329 was formed by school unification that consolidated Alma, Maple Hill, McFarland, and Paxico.

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