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Modoc, Indiana
Town of Modoc
Modoc, Indiana.jpg
Small Town U.S.A
Location of Modoc in Randolph County, Indiana.
Location of Modoc in Randolph County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Randolph
Township Union
Founded 1883
 • Total 0.10 sq mi (0.27 km2)
 • Land 0.10 sq mi (0.27 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,175 ft (358 m)
 • Total 157
 • Density 1,524.27/sq mi (586.67/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (EST)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-50058
GNIS feature ID 439307

Modoc is a town in Union Township, Randolph County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 196 at the 2010 census.

Modoc from above


There are several legends to how the town of Modoc got its name. One of them said that a man travelling on the train threw out a cigar box containing the name Modoc, and that Henry Conley, one of the first settlers of the town, picked it up and suggested to bystanders that it would be a good name for the town. Another theory is that Modoc was named after the Modoc people who were traditionally located in northern California. They became noted for their resistance to the US Army during the Modoc War, ending in 1873.

A post office has been in operation at Modoc since 1883.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 221
1910 261 18.1%
1920 256 −1.9%
1930 236 −7.8%
1940 237 0.4%
1950 275 16.0%
1960 238 −13.5%
1970 275 15.5%
1980 243 −11.6%
1990 218 −10.3%
2000 225 3.2%
2010 196 −12.9%
2020 157 −19.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 196 people, 72 households, and 50 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,960.0 inhabitants per square mile (756.8/km2). There were 87 housing units at an average density of 870.0 per square mile (335.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.9% White, 0.5% African American, 2.0% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 72 households, of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.6% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.22.

The median age in the town was 33 years. 30.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 21.4% were from 45 to 64; and 14.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 54.1% male and 45.9% female.


Modoc is located at 40°2′47″N 85°7′34″W / 40.04639°N 85.12611°W / 40.04639; -85.12611 (40.046323, -85.126125). It is about 25 miles southeast of Muncie, Indiana, and is about 25 miles northwest of Richmond, Indiana and 60 miles from the cities of Indianapolis, Indiana, Dayton, Ohio, and Cincinnati.

According to the 2010 census, Modoc has a total area of 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), all land.



Major highways and roads that serve Modoc include Indiana 1 and U.S. 36

The I. B. & W. Railroad

Modoc, like many other small towns, probably would not have been built if the I. B. & W. Railroad had not made its way across southern Randolph County, in 1878. The location was poorly drained, but it had the advantage of being rather flat. It was plagued, for many years, by typhoid fever outbreaks. The railroad was built by many contractors. The railroad came through Modoc from the west, and met the contractors, who were building the next section east, in what was then a strip of timber about one-half mile east of where the depot was located.

Nearby cities and communities

County communities

Farmland Losantville Lynn Parker
Ridgeville Saratoga Union City Winchester

Neighboring communities

Hagerstown Richmond Muncie Selma
Cambridge City New Castle Mooreland Fountain City

Nearby Major U.S. Cities

Indianapolis Ft. Wayne Cincinnati Dayton
Chicago Louisville Detroit Cleveland


Modoc's high school is Union High School. The mascot of the school is the Rocket. Their colors are royal blue and gold.

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