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Naco, Arizona
US Customhouse at Naco, Arizona
US Customhouse at Naco, Arizona
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Coordinates: 31°20′14″N 109°56′40″W / 31.33722°N 109.94444°W / 31.33722; -109.94444Coordinates: 31°20′14″N 109°56′40″W / 31.33722°N 109.94444°W / 31.33722; -109.94444
Country  United States
State  Arizona
County Cochise
 • Total 3.23 sq mi (8.37 km2)
 • Land 3.23 sq mi (8.37 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
4,610 ft (1,405 m)
 • Total 824
 • Density 254.95/sq mi (98.45/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
ZIP code
Area code 520
FIPS code 04-48310
GNIS feature ID 0008475

Naco, a Census-Designated Place (CDP) located in Cochise County, Arizona, United States had a recorded population of 1,046 during the 2010 census. It is located directly across the United States–Mexico border from its sister city Naco, Sonora. Naco is best known for an accidental 1929 air raid and is the first and only municipality in the Continental United States to have been aerially bombed by foreigners.

The present-day unincorporated town of Naco, Arizona, was established in the early 20th century. The area was originally settled by the Nahua and Opata Indians. Naco means "nopal cactus" in the Opata language. The U.S. Congress officially established Naco as a Port of Entry on June 28, 1902. Today, the Naco port of entry is open 24 hours per day.

Occasionally the people on both sides of the border use the border fence as the net in a volleyball game.


Naco is located at 31°20′14″N 109°56′40″W / 31.33722°N 109.94444°W / 31.33722; -109.94444 (31.337287, −109.944461). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2), all of it land.


Naco is home to Turquoise Valley, the oldest continuously operated golf course in Arizona—the first to reach 100 continuous years of age.


Historical population
Census Pop.
2020 824
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the U.S. 2010 census, there were 1046 people, 334 households, and 284 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 307.6 people per square mile (120.2/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 62.8% White, 0.67% Native American, 33.7% from other races, and 2.88% from two or more races. 83.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 334 households, out of which 146 had children under the age of 18 living with them.

In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 40.5% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 11% from 25 to 34, 15.8% from 35 to 49, 15% from 50 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The population of Naco, by 2010 census estimates, is 48.7% male, 51.3% female.

According to the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the CDP was $22,045, and the median income for a family was $25,227. Males had a median income of $21,923 versus $15,882 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,169. About 33.0% of families and 34.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.1% of those under age 18 and 25.4% of those age 65 or over.

Prehistoric Naco

The Naco-Mammoth Kill Site is located near Naco. Excavations from this archeological site in the 1950s revealed mammoth bones with embedded Clovis points, providing evidence of the hunting activities of Paleo-Indians some 13,000 years ago.

Fort Naco

Fort Newell
Fort Naco, located on the outskirts of Naco, Arizona

Fort Naco is a former military post on the outskirts of Naco. Subsequent to Pancho Villa's raid on Columbus, New Mexico, in 1916, Fort Naco was a staging area for American troops protecting the border. It was the headquarters of the 1st Infantry Regiment of the Arizona National Guard.


The Bisbee Bus provides transportation from Naco to Bisbee.

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