National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, Minnesota facts for kids
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, Minnesota. It is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Washington County, Minnesota, United States. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in an online map.
There are 44 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including one National Historic Landmark. A supplementary list includes two additional sites that were formerly on the National Register.
Many of the historic properties are associated with the timber industry, which began just after treaties with the Dakota and Ojibwe Indians were signed in 1837. The first sawmill in the state was established in Marine Mills (now Marine on St. Croix) in 1839. Other towns along the St. Croix River were associated with the lumber trade: Stillwater, Lakeland, and Point Douglas. Many of the houses in Stillwater are associated with wealthy lumbermen. Railroads and other industries also played a part in the development of the county.
Several of these properties are listed in the "Washington County Multiple Resource Area".
|Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Location||City or town||Description|
|1||Moritz Bergstein Shoddy Mill and Warehouse||
|805 S. Main St.
||Stillwater||Fabric recycling and mattress manufacturing facility active ca.-1890–1910, an embodiment of Minnesota's early Jewish immigrants and their frequent participation in the waste materials trade. Moved to current site in November 2012.|
|2||Erastus Bolles House||
|1741 Stagecoach Trail
||Afton||1856 Greek Revival house of a small New Englander settlement on Valley Creek.|
|3||Bridge No. 5721||
|Gateway State Trail over Manning Ave.
||Stillwater Township||Truss bridge rare for its wrought iron construction and ornamental detailing, built in 1877 before the transition to steel, refurbished and erected in Koochiching County in 1937, and relocated to present site in 2011.|
|4||Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Freight House||
|233–335 Water St.
||Stillwater||1883 passenger and freight depot with a telegraph and Railway Express Agency office, significant in local transportation, commerce, communication, and engineering. Also a contributing property to the Stillwater Commercial Historic District. Now a restaurant.|
|5||John Copas House||
|19489 St. Croix Tr. N.
||Copas||c. 1880 house of an early settler and leading figure in a community platted in 1857 and ultimately named in his honor.|
|3291 St. Croix Trail Ave. S.
||Afton||1867 hotel exemplifying the commercial lodging common to mid-19th-century river towns. Now the Afton House Inn.|
|7||John T. Cyphers House||
|661 Quinnell Ave. N.
||Lakeland||Unusual 1858 house with Northern European-style masonry of mortared unsplit boulders, particularly rare in a logging region with plentiful lumber.|
|8||District No. 34 School||
|13728 St. Croix Trail S.
||Denmark Township||Representative example of a rural one-room schoolhouse of the mid-19th-century, active c. 1852–1946.|
|9||Johannes Erickson House||
|14020 195th St.
||Scandia||1868 gambrel-roofed log cabin, a rare surviving example of a style brought to Minnesota by Swedish immigrants from Dalsland and Småland. Now part of a museum alongside the Hay Lake School.|
|10||John P. Furber House||
|7310 Lamar Ave.
||Cottage Grove||1871 house built the same year Furber formally platted the twenty-year-old settlement of Cottage Grove, representing a phenomenon in early Washington County towns of platting well after communities had already been established.|
|11||Newington Gilbert House||
|1678 Stagecoach Trail
||Afton||1864 Greek Revival house of a small New Englander settlement on Valley Creek.|
|12||Grey Cloud Lime Kiln||
|10398 Grey Cloud Island Trail
||Cottage Grove||Well preserved example of an early lime kiln, an important industry among Minnesota pioneers, which produced lime for construction and fertilizer ca. 1850–1900. Collapsed on June 20, 2014; NRHP status to be reviewed.|
|13||Hay Lake School||
|14020 195th St.
||Scandia||Scandia's first school building, in use 1895–1962. Now part of a Washington County Historical Society museum alongside the Johannes Erickson House.|
|14||Roscoe Hersey House||
|416 S. 4th St.
||Stillwater||1880 Eastlake/Queen Anne house of a key figure in Stillwater's lumber and mercantile development, the son and local representative of Isaac Staples' Maine-based business partner Samuel F. Hersey.|
|15||Mitchell Jackson Farmhouse||
|16376 7th St. Lane S.
||Lakeland||Farmhouse of early settler Mitchell Y. Jackson (1816–1900), remembered for an informative and wide-ranging diary kept 1852–1863.|
|16||Capt. Austin Jenks House||
|504 S. 5th St.
||Stillwater||1871 house of a prominent river pilot involved with timber rafting on the St. Croix and Mississippi.|
|17||Albert Lammers House||
|1306 S. 3rd St.
||Stillwater||c. 1893 house associated with brothers Albert and George Lammers, who expanded the state's lumber industry into northwest Minnesota. Also noted for the most elaborate Queen Anne architecture in Stillwater.|
|15021 60th St. N.
||Oak Park Heights||1932 restaurant noted for its quaint log cabin motif designed to attract the first generation of motorists and its associations with the St. Croix Valley's Prohibition-era roadhouse network. Now Phil's Tara Hideaway.|
|19||Marine Mill Site||
|Mill Reservation, Block 47
||Marine on St. Croix||Site of Minnesota's first commercial sawmill, active 1839–1888, nucleus of the region's lumber industry and a major landing on its crucial transportation route. Also a contributing property to the Marine on St. Croix Historic District. Now a Minnesota Historical Society site.|
|20||Marine on St. Croix Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by the St. Croix River, railroad tracks, and Kennedy and Spruce Sts.
||Marine on St. Croix||Mid-19th-century river town, birthplace of the Minnesota lumber industry, with a well-preserved business district and residential areas of its Yankee upper class and Swedish working class.|
|21||Ivory McKusick House||
|504 N. 2nd St.
||Stillwater||Distinctive 1868 Second Empire house associated with an influential local family. Ivory McCusick was a notable lumberman, surveyor, and businessman while his brother John platted Stillwater and founded its first sawmill.|
|22||Minnesota Territorial/State Prison Warden's House||
|602 N. Main St.
||Stillwater||Prison warden's residence used 1853–1914, only surviving structure of the prison's Minnesota Territory period and chief remnant of its statehood years. Now the Warden's House Museum.|
|23||John and Martin Mower House and Arcola Mill Site||
|12905 Arcola Trail N.
||Arcola||Exemplary 1847 Greek Revival house and remnants of one of the first St. Croix Valley sawmills, nucleus of an early lumber town. Now an education and event venue.|
|1018 S. 1st St.
||Stillwater||Oldest standing school building in Stillwater, built in 1897 and also noted for its Neoclassical/Georgian Revival architecture by Orff & Guilbert.|
|25||Capt. John Oliver House||
|1544 Rivercrest Rd.
||Lakeland||1849 house of one of Lakeland's founding families, an early settler whose sons helped organize the town and its school system. Also one of Minnesota's few surviving Greek Revival houses of its era.|
|North of Stillwater at 9033 Fairy Falls Rd.
||Stillwater vicinity||Community quarantine facility used c. 1872–1910, an example of a common public health measure of the late-19th/early-20th centuries. Now a private home.|
|27||Point Douglas-St. Louis River Road Bridge||
|Off County Highway 5
||Stillwater vicinity||1863 arch bridge built on the Point Douglas to Superior Military Road, noted for its stone engineering and as a remnant of Minnesota's early government roads.|
|28||St. Croix Boom Company House and Barn||
|Northeast of Stillwater at 9666 N. St. Croix Trail
||Stillwater vicinity||Only surviving buildings associated with the St. Croix Boom Site, built c. 1885 for a superintendent serving 1871–1905.|
|29||St. Croix Boom Site||
|3 miles north of Stillwater on the St. Croix River
||Stillwater vicinity||Site of Minnesota's earliest, longest-serving, and most important log boom, where lumber was stored and sorted 1856–1914 at the terminus of the St. Croix River's great log drives. Now a highway wayside.|
|30||St. Croix Lumber Mills-Stillwater Manufacturing Company||
|318 N. Main
||Stillwater||1850 stone powerhouse—the only surviving industrial structure associated with major Stillwater-based businessman Isaac Staples (1816–1898)—and adjacent 1900 factory.|
|31||St. Croix River Access Site||
||Stillwater vicinity||c. 800–1700 habitation site with a large quantity of stone tool artifacts, potentially illuminating Late Woodland period cultural relationships, lithic technology, and resource use.|
|32||William Sauntry House and Recreation Hall||
|626 N. 4th St. and 625 N. 5th St.
||Stillwater||1891 Queen Anne house of a prosperous lumberman, with a unique Moorish Revival recreation hall added in 1902. Now a bed & breakfast.|
|33||Schilling Archeological District||
||Cottage Grove||Habitation site and mound group spanning 1000 BCE to 1700 CE, noted for a rare Early Woodland Period component, Middle Mississippian cultural influences, and potential to show climatic adaptations over time.|
|34||Cordenio Severance House||
|6940 Keats Ave. S.
||Cottage Grove vicinity||Opulent country home of attorney Cordenio Severance (1862–1925), remodeled in 1917 by architect Cass Gilbert and also known as Cedarhurst. Now an event venue.|
|35||Benjamin B. Sheffield House||
|North of Stillwater at 4 Croixside Rd.
||Stillwater vicinity||1922 log house significant as one of the earliest summer homes on the St. Croix River and for its rustic architecture.|
|36||Soo Line High Bridge||
|Over the St. Croix River, 5 miles north of Stillwater
||Stillwater vicinity||Dramatic 2,600-foot-long (790 m), 184-foot-high (56 m) multi-span steel arch bridge built 1910–11, noted for its exceptional dimensions, beauty, innovative engineering techniques, and importance. Extends into St. Croix County, Wisconsin.|
|37||Charles Spangenberg Farmstead||
|9431 Dale Rd.
||Woodbury||One of Washington County's few remaining 19th-century farmsteads, with an 1871 farmhouse, c. 1875 granary, and c. 1887 barn.|
|38||State Prison Historic District||
|5500 Pickett Ave.
||Bayport||Maximum-security prison complex with 22 contributing properties built 1910–14, the influential American debut of a central-spine-and-crosstree design originated at Fresnes Prison in France.|
|Minnesota Highway 36/Wisconsin Highway 64 over the St. Croix River
||Stillwater||Rare example of a vertical-lift highway bridge based on a Waddell & Harrington design, built in 1931. Extends into St. Croix County, Wisconsin.|
|40||Stillwater Commercial Historic District||
|Vicinity of Main, 2nd, and Chestnut Sts.
||Stillwater||11-block central business district reflecting the economic and architectural diversity of a prosperous lumbering and manufacturing center, with 63 contributing properties built 1860–1940.|
|Lookout Trail near 63rd St. N.
||Oak Park Heights||Exemplary early wayside rest developed 1938–39 by the Minnesota Department of Highways. Also noted for its National Park Service rustic design by landscape architect Arthur R. Nichols.|
|42||Henry Stussi House||
|9097 Mendel Rd.
||Stillwater vicinity||One of Washington County's finest rural houses, built in the late 1870s from a Palliser, Palliser & Company pattern book for a notable figure in the local milling and ice industries.|
|43||Washington County Courthouse||
|W. Pine St. at S. 3rd St.
||Stillwater||Built in 1870, nominated as Minnesota's oldest functioning courthouse and one of its few surviving examples of monumental public architecture from the mid-19th century. Now an exhibition hall.|
|44||Mortimer Webster House||
|435 S. Broadway
||Stillwater||Stillwater's leading example of Italianate architecture, built 1865–66 for a notable local entrepreneur.|
|Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Date removed||Location||City or town||Summary|
|1||Heath Summer Residence||
||Stillwater Township||1911 summer home, one of the earliest on the St. Croix River. Destroyed by arson on July 20, 1986, during a period of vacancy.|
||Main and Laurel Sts.
||Stillwater||Prison's manual labor complex, built 1884–1898. Destroyed by arson in 2002.|
National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, Minnesota Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.