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New Buffalo, Michigan
Looking north along N. Whittaker Street
Looking north along N. Whittaker Street
Location within Berrien County
Location within Berrien County
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Coordinates: 41°47′25″N 86°44′43″W / 41.79028°N 86.74528°W / 41.79028; -86.74528
Country United States
State Michigan
County Berrien
Incorporated 1837
 • Type Council–manager
 • Total 2.49 sq mi (6.45 km2)
 • Land 2.47 sq mi (6.39 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)  1.19%
640 ft (195 m)
 • Total 1,883
 • Estimate 
 • Density 757.19/sq mi (292.30/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
Area code(s) 269
FIPS code 26-57220
GNIS feature ID 0633317

New Buffalo is a city in Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 1,883 at the 2010 census.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.53 square miles (6.55 km2), of which 2.50 square miles (6.47 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water. The city is located on Lake Michigan at the mouth of the Galien River. This forms a natural harbor, which is part of the current pleasure-boat harbor drawing summer residents and boaters.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 683
1880 523 −23.4%
1890 553 5.7%
1900 629 13.7%
1910 528 −16.1%
1920 496 −6.1%
1930 1,051 111.9%
1940 1,190 13.2%
1950 1,565 31.5%
1960 2,128 36.0%
1970 2,784 30.8%
1980 2,821 1.3%
1990 2,317 −17.9%
2000 2,200 −5.0%
2010 1,883 −14.4%
2019 (est.) 1,868 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,883 people, 881 households, and 497 families living in the city. The population density was 753.2 inhabitants per square mile (290.8/km2). There were 1,692 housing units at an average density of 676.8 per square mile (261.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.4% White, 1.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.6% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.4% of the population.

There were 881 households, of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.6% were non-families. 38.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the city was 48.4 years. 17.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.4% were from 25 to 44; 34.9% were from 45 to 64; and 21.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.


Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides three trains per day at the New Buffalo station, with the Blue Water and Wolverine. CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern provide freight service to the city.

US 12 and I-94 provide freeway access to Detroit and Chicago.

A harbor, both natural and man made, is present at the mouth of the Galien River. This harbor is used by pleasure boats and is accessible to all Lake Michigan ports and beyond, but has little to no commercial traffic other than the occasional charter sailboat.

New Buffalo Area Schools

The New Buffalo Area Schools system is composed of an elementary school, and a joined middle/high school. The New Buffalo Middle/High School, located off of Clay Street, was built in 2001. It has a performing arts center, multiple computer labs, indoor and outdoor running tracks, and is designed symmetrically for the middle and high school sections. The elementary school's gym was also rebuilt.

The Middle/High school also has a "Smart Lab", one of the most sophisticated student labs in the country. At the Smart Lab, students from New Buffalo and neighboring municipalities have access to EKG machines, flight simulators, and video production equipment. In addition, an addition to the Athletic Wing was completed in 2010 with a brand new two-story Weight Room and an Auxiliary Gymnasium.

The New Buffalo High School Bison compete in the Red Arrow Conference in sports. The 1999 Boys Cross Country team won the Class D State title,


New Buffalo is a popular resort town due to its location along the Lake Michigan shoreline and its proximity to the Chicago Metropolitan Area. As a result, tourism is the primary industry.

Four Winds Casino Resort New Buffalo opened on August 2, 2007, and brought more than 2,000 jobs to the New Buffalo area. The casino includes over 3,000 slot machines and 100 gaming tables. The Four Winds is the main competition for the Blue Chip Casino in Michigan City, Indiana.

Notable people

  • Roger Brown, Chicago painter
  • Laurent Novikoff, ballet master
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