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Orange Free State

Oranje-Vrijstaat
1854–1902
Flag of Orange Free State
Flag
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Coat of arms
Anthem: Vrystaatse Volkslied
Location of the Orange Free State c. 1890
Location of the Orange Free State c. 1890
Capital Bloemfontein
Common languages Dutch (official)
English
Sesotho
Zulu
Religion
Dutch Reformed
African religions
Government Republic
State President  
• 1854 – 1855
J. P. Hoffman
• 1855 – 1859
J. N. Boshoff
• 1860 – 1863
M. W. Pretorius1
• 1864 – 1888
J. H. Brand
• 1889 – 1895
F. W. Reitz
• 1896 – 1902
M. T. Steyn
Legislature Parliament
• house of representatives
Volksraad
Historical era 19th century
• Republic founded
17 February 1854
• Battle of Blood River
16 December 1838
• Start of 2nd Boer War
11 October 1899
• Treaty of Vereeniging
31 May 1902
Area
1875 181,299 km2 (70,000 sq mi)
Population
• 1875
100000
Currency Orange Free State pound
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Orange River Sovereignty
Orange River Colony
1 Also State President of the Transvaal Republic

The Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat) was a country in southern Africa. It was ruled by the Afrikaners. It was defeated by the British Empire and its colonies, the British Cape Colony and the Natal Colony, in the Second Boer War. It became a colony of the British called the Orange River Colony.


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