South African Republic facts for kids

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South African Republic

Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
1856–1877
1881–1902
Flag of South African Republic
Flag
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Coat of arms
Anthem: Transvaalse Volkslied
Location of the South African Republic, circa 1890.
Location of the South African Republic, circa 1890.
Capital

Pretoria

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Common languages Dutch
Religion
Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk
Government Republic
President  
• 1857–1863
Marthinus Wessel Pretorius
• 1883–1902
Paul Kruger
• 1900–1902
Schalk Willem Burger (acting)
History  
• Established
27 June 1856
• British annexation
1877–1881
11 October 1899
• Treaty of Vereeniging
31 May 1902
Currency South African Republic pond
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Klein Vrystaat
Nieuwe Republiek
Transvaal Colony
Today part of  South Africa

The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often informally called the Transvaal Republic, was a sovereign state in southern Africa ruled by the Afrikaners. It was defeated by the UK and its colonies, the British Cape Colony and the Colony of Natal in the Second Boer War and became the British colony of Transvaal.

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South African Republic Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.