Paul Kruger facts for kids

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Paul Kruger
Paul Kruger as an old man with a grey beard wearing a black top hat as well as pirate style earrings
Kruger in 1900
3rd President of the South African Republic
In office
9 May 1883 – 31 May 1902
Vice President
  • Piet Joubert
  • Nicolaas Smit
  • Piet Joubert
  • Schalk Willem Burger
Preceded by Triumvirate
Succeeded by Schalk Willem Burger (acting)
Member of the Triumvirate
In office
8 August 1881 – 9 May 1883
Serving with Marthinus Pretorius and Piet Joubert
Preceded by Thomas Burgers (as President)
Personal details
Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger

(1825-10-10)10 October 1825
Steynsburg, Cape Colony
Died 14 July 1904(1904-07-14) (aged 78)
Clarens, Switzerland
Resting place Heroes' Acre, Pretoria
  • Maria (née du Plessis)
  • (1842–1846, her death)
  • Gezina (née du Plessis)
  • (1847–1901, her death)
Children 17

Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger (or just Paul Kruger) (10 October 1825–14 July 1904) was the president of the South African Republic (sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Transvaal) from 1883 to 1900. He became famous for leading the Boers against the British at the time of the Second Boer War.

Early life

Kruger grew up on his grandfather's farm. He worked as a commando (a soldier defending farms), and became a respected leader.

First Boer War

In 1877 the British Army took control of Transvaal, and Kruger became the leader of the resistance (the people who wanted to fight British control). On 30 December 1880, the government of the South African Republic (Transvaal) elected (chose) him to be president. In 1881 Kruger negotiated (talked with the enemy) to agree the peace. Kruger travelled to Europe, where many people respected him.

Second Boer War

The Second Boer War began in 1899, and Kruger had to escape to Europe in October 1900. He moved to Clarens in Switzerland, where he died in 1904. People took his body back to South Africa and buried him in Church Street Cemetery in Pretoria

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Paul Kruger Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.