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Orono, Maine facts for kids

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Town of Orono
Town
Mill Street business in downtown Orono
Mill Street business in downtown Orono
Official seal of Town of Orono
Seal
Map of Orono, Penobscot Country, Maine Highlighted.png
Country United States
State Maine
County Penobscot
Settled 1774
Incorporated March 12, 1806
Chartered 1969
Government
 • Type Council/Manager
Area
 • Total 19.60 sq mi (50.76 km2)
 • Land 18.19 sq mi (47.11 km2)
 • Water 1.41 sq mi (3.65 km2)  7.19%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 10,362
 • Estimate 
(2016)
11,242
 • Density 569.7/sq mi (220.0/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
04473-Town, 04469-UMaine
Area code(s) 207
Website www.orono.org

Orono is a town in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. Located on the Penobscot and Stillwater rivers, it was first settled by American colonists in 1774. They named it in honor of Chief Joseph Orono, a sachem of the indigenous Penobscot nation who long occupied this territory.

In the nineteenth century, the town became a center of the lumber industry. Sawmills on the rivers were powered by the water, and logs were floated downriver on the Penobscot for shipping and export from coastal ports.

Since 1865 it has been the location of the University of Maine, established as a land-grant institution and the state's flagship educational institution. In the fall of 2018, the university enrolled 11,404 students at Orono. Not including university residents, the town's population was 10,362 at the 2010 census.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.60 square miles (50.76 km2), of which, 18.19 square miles (47.11 km2) of it is land and 1.41 square miles (3.65 km2) is water. The town is divided by the Stillwater River, a branch of the Penobscot River. It occupies part of Marsh Island, which is surrounded by the Penobscot and the Stillwater, and the remainder of the town is on the mainland. The Orono Dam impounds the Stillwater River at its confluence with the Penobscot River near downtown Orono.

Climate

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Orono has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 351
1820 415 18.2%
1830 1,472 254.7%
1840 1,521 3.3%
1850 2,785 83.1%
1860 2,533 −9.0%
1870 2,888 14.0%
1880 2,245 −22.3%
1890 2,790 24.3%
1900 3,257 16.7%
1910 3,555 9.1%
1920 3,133 −11.9%
1930 3,338 6.5%
1940 3,702 10.9%
1950 7,504 102.7%
1960 8,341 11.2%
1970 9,989 19.8%
1980 10,578 5.9%
1990 10,573 0.0%
2000 9,112 −13.8%
2010 10,362 13.7%
2014 (est.) 10,670 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
OronoTownOffice
Orono town offices
See also: Orono (CDP), Maine

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,363 people, 2,831 households, and 1,229 families living in the town. The population density was 569.7 inhabitants per square mile (220.0/km2). There were 3,089 housing units at an average density of 169.8 per square mile (65.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.7% White, 1.2% African American, 1.1% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 2,831 households, of which 17.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 56.6% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.77.

The median age in the town was 21.8 years. 8.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 55.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 12.2% were from 25 to 44; 13.1% were from 45 to 64; and 10.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 51.8% male and 48.2% female.

Points of interest

Notable people

Map of Maine highlighting Orono
Location of town of Orono in state of Maine
  • Charles J. Dunn, Chief Justice of the Maine Supreme Judicial Court
  • Wallace Rider Farrington, territorial governor of Hawaii
  • Merritt Lyndon Fernald (1873–1950), botanist
  • Constance Hunting, poet, publisher
  • Frances Laughton Mace, poet
  • Jonathan Norcross, inventor, 4th mayor of Atlanta
  • Elizabeth Schneider, state senator
  • Katee Stearns, Miss Maine USA (2006)
  • Joseph B. Treat, Wisconsin politician
  • Nathaniel Treat, Maine politician
  • Nathaniel B. Treat, Wisconsin politician
  • Eva Valesh (1866–1956), labor journalist
  • Israel Washburn Jr., US congressman, a founder of the Republican Party, 29th Governor of Maine
  • Dorothy Clarke Wilson, novelist, playwright
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