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Pabna District facts for kids

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Pabna
পাবনা
District
Motto: "২১ এর চেতনায়,আলোকিত পাবনা!"
Location of Pabna in Bangladesh
Location of Pabna in Bangladesh
Country  Bangladesh
Division Rajshahi Division
Pubna District,Bengal Presidency,British India 1828
Area
 • Total 2,371.50 km2 (915.64 sq mi)
  flood plain and marsh land
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2019 census)
 • Total 3,011,180
 • Density 1,269.736/km2 (3,288.602/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total 85%
Time zone BST (UTC+06:00)
Postal code 6600–6682

Pabna District (Bengali: পাবনা জেলা Pabna Zila) is a district in central Bangladesh. It is one of the most valuable district of Bangladesh. Its administrative capital is the eponymous Pabna town.

History

Archeologist Cunningham conjectured that the name Pabna might be derived from Pundra or Poondrobordhon civilisation, whose capital was Mahasthangarh, the oldest city of Bangladesh, in neighbouring Bogra. But this hypothesis has not received general acceptance among scholars.

In 1859–61 the district was one of the major areas involved in the Indigo revolt. Beginning in Yusufshahi period in 1873 the serfs resisted excessive demands of increased rents by feudal lords (zamindar), led by the nouveau riches Banerjees and Dwijendranath Tagore, by forming an Agrarian League. This largely peaceful movement found the support of the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal George Campbell, who antagonised the absentee feudal lords. These protests are generally referred to as Pabna disturbances. In the following year the district was one of the worst hit by famine. The peasant's demands were finally partially met with the Rent Law Act of 1885.

In 1875, Raaygonj was transferred back to Pabna from Bogra, and in 1879, a separate judgeship for the districts of Pabna and Bogra was created. The History of Pabna was written by Advocate Chowdhury Mohammad Badruduzza.

Geography

Pabna forms the south-east boundary of Rajshahi Division. Sirajganj District is on the north-east, while the Padma River, main stream of the holy river Ganges, in the south separates it from Rajbari District and Kushtia District. The Jamuna River runs along its eastern border separating it from Manikgonj District; and on the north-west it has a common boundary with the Natore District. Average maximum temperature 36.8 °C, minimum 9.6 °C; annual rainfall 1872 mm. Characteristically the soil of the district is divided into four, viz flood plains of the Ganges, Karatoya, Jamuna and Barind Tract. Main rivers are Ganges, Ichamati, Gumani, Baral and Hurasagar.

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