Paris Métro facts for kids
|Métro de Paris|
|Locale||Paris metropolitan area|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||16 (numbered 1–14, 3bis and 7bis)|
|Number of stations||302|
|Daily ridership||4.16 million (2015)|
|Began operation||19 July 1900|
|Number of vehicles||700 trains|
|System length||214 km (133 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||750 V DC third rail|
The Paris Métro or Métropolitain (French: Métro de Paris) is a rapid transit system in Paris, France. The network is mostly underground. It has 19 lines, which together are 214 km (133 mi) long. There are 303 stations. 17 of these lines are Owens by RATP and 2 by Paris Airport.
The Paris Métro is a symbol of the city. Notable is its Art Nouveau architecture at the older entrances. It is the second busiest metro system in Europe, after Moscow. It carries 4.5 million passengers a day, and an annual total of 1.479 billion (2009).
The first line opened on 19 July 1900, during the 1900 World's Fair (Exposition Universelle). The system expanded quickly and the core was complete by the 1920s. Extensions into suburbs were built in the 1930s. The network reached saturation after World War II. The Métro introduced newer trains to allow higher traffic, but further improvements have been limited by the design of the network and in particular the short distances between stations. Besides the Métro, Downtown Paris and its urban area are served by a number of other transit systems.
Images for kids
During the initial development of the Métro, the tracks were dug at street level in the open air and covered over later.
Paris Métro Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.