Phasianidae facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Phasianidae
Satyr Tragopan
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Horsfield, 1821
Genera

Many, see text

The Phasianidae is a family of birds which consists of the pheasants and patridges, and including junglefowl (including chicken). These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump, with broad relatively short wings. Many have a spur on their legs.

Males of the larger species are often brightly coloured. The typical diet is seeds with some insects and berries.

Description

Phasianids are terrestrial. They range in weight from 43 g (1.5 oz) in the case of the king quail to 6 kg (13 lb) in the case of the Indian peafowl. If turkeys are included, rather than classified as a separate family, then the considerably heavier wild turkey reaches a maximum weight of more than 17 kg (37 lb). Length in this taxonomic family can vary from 12.5 cm (4.9 in) in the king quail up to 300 cm (120 in) (including elongated tail streamers) in green peafowl, thus they beat even the true parrots in length diversity within a family of birds. Generally, sexual dimorphism is seen in size, with males tending to be larger than females. They are generally plump, with broad, relatively short wings and strong legs. Many have a spur on their legs, a feature shared only with guineafowl and turkeys. The bill is short and generally strong, particularly in species that dig for food. Males of the larger species often have brightly coloured plumage, as well as facial ornaments such as wattles or crests.

Phylogeny

Living Galliformes based on the work by John Boyd.


Rollulinae

?Melanoperdix



?Rhizothera



Xenoperdix




ArborophilaArboricolaGingicaKeulemans white background.jpg




RollulusRollulus rouloul male 1838 white background.jpg



CaloperdixCaloperdix oculeus Hardwicke white background.jpg






Pavoninae

Tropicoperdix


Tetraogallini


AmmoperdixAmmoperdix griseogularis 1849 white background.jpg





SynoicusCoturnix novaezelandiae white background.jpg



ExcalfactoriaExcalfactoria chinensis.jpg





AnurophasisSnow Mountains Quail white background.JPG



MargaroperdixMargaroperdix madagarensis 1838 white background.jpg



Coturnix








TetraogallusTetraogallus caucasicus white background.jpg



AlectorisAlectoris chukar hm white background.jpg





PternistisFrancolinusTetraoninusKeulemans flipped.jpg




OphrysiaOphrysia superciliosa white background.jpg



PerdiculaPerdicula erythrorhyncha hm white background.jpg







Gallini


BambusicolaBirdsAsiaJohnGoVIGoul white background.jpg



GallusRed Junglefowl by George Edward Lodge white background.png





ScleroptilaFrancolinusCrawshayiKeulemans white background.jpg




PeliperdixFrancolinusAlbogularisSmit white background.jpg



FrancolinusFrancolinus francolinus hm white background.jpg






Pavonini


RheinardiaBulletin de la Société nationale d'acclimatation de France white background.jpg



ArgusianusBorneanArgusThorburn white background.jpg





AfropavoGalloperdix spadicea spadicea Hardwicke white background.jpg



PavoBlauwe pauw white background.jpeg




Polyplectronini

Haematortyx




Galloperdix



PolyplectronPolyplectron napoleonis 1838 white background.jpg







Phasianinae
Ithaginini

IthaginisIthaginis cruentus 1838 white background.jpg



Lophophorini

TragopanCeriornisBlythiiKeulemans white background.jpg




?LerwaLerwa nivicola white background.jpg



TetraophasisTetraophasis-obscurus white background.jpg



LophophorusLophophorus impejanus male 1838 white background.jpg





Phasianini

PerdixRapphöna, Iduns kokbok white background.jpg




SyrmaticusSyrmaticus reevesii 1838 flipped.jpg





PhasianusFMIB 42017 Mongolian Pheasant white background.jpeg



ChrysolophusCuvier-61-Faisan doré.jpg





Lophura




CatreusBirdsAsiaJohnGoVIIGoul Catreus wallichii.jpg



CrossoptilonCrossoptilon auritum white background.jpg







Tetraonini

PucrasiaPucrasia macrolopha xanthospila white background.jpg




MeleagrisNederlandsche vogelen (KB) - Meleagris gallopavo (white background).jpg




Bonasa




Tetrastes



Centrocercina

Centrocercus




Dendragapus



Tympanuchus




Tetraonina

Lagopus




Falcipennis




Canachites



Tetrao
















Phasianidae Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.