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Plymouth, Wisconsin facts for kids

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For other places named Plymouth, in Wisconsin or elsewhere, see Plymouth (disambiguation).

Plymouth, Wisconsin
City
Downtown Plymouth
Downtown Plymouth
Location of Plymouth, Wisconsin
Location of Plymouth, Wisconsin
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Sheboygan
Area
 • Total 5.34 sq mi (13.83 km2)
 • Land 5.26 sq mi (13.62 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation 843 ft (257 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,445
 • Estimate (2012) 8,396
 • Density 1,605.5/sq mi (619.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 920
FIPS code 55-63700
GNIS feature ID 1571709
PlymouthWisconsinPostOfficeRHP
Plymouth Post Office, a registered historic place
PlymouthWisconsinWelcomeSignWIS57
City welcome sign

Plymouth is a city in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin, along the Mullet River. It is included in the Sheboygan, Wisconsin Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is located in the Town of Plymouth, but is politically independent. Plymouth is known as "Hub City" because of its central location in Sheboygan County, along with being an equidistant point in the Eastern Wisconsin region among Milwaukee, Sheboygan, Fond du Lac, and Green Bay. The "Hub City" name also applies to it being a former regional center of wooden wheelwrighting. The population was 8,445 at the 2010 census. Mayor Don Pohlman was last reelected in April 2014.

History

Plymouth was surveyed in 1835 by United States engineers, one of whom was named Mullet, and the Mullet river was subsequently named after him. The first land sold to a private party was sold to an Englishman named John Law who had emigrated from London. It was sold to Law on August 13, 1836. The next sale was to another Englishman, also from London, named Thomas Margrave. Settlers continued trickling in and the town was organized on April 3, 1849. In the 1840s a group of immigrants arrived from Tioga County, Pennsylvania. Their ancestors had moved to that area from New England shortly after the American Revolution. The Thorpe family arrived from Hartford, Connecticut. They were of old New England ancestry. These immigrants being the original pool of settlers in Plymouth gave the region cultural continuity with New England. The town was named Plymouth, after Plymouth, Massachusetts, where the Pilgrims had landed in 1620.

Originally known by early Native Americans as Quit Qui Oc, or Crooked River, Plymouth was settled in 1845 by Isaac Thorp and incorporated in 1877. The city is often called "Hub City" because of its central location within Sheboygan County, but the nickname "Hub City" began in the 1860s when the Schwartz brothers had a wagon shop where they made wagons, hubs and spokes.

Geography

Plymouth is located at 43°44′57″N 87°58′36″W / 43.74917°N 87.97667°W / 43.74917; -87.97667 (43.749277, -87.976799).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.34 square miles (13.83 km2), of which, 5.26 square miles (13.62 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,052
1890 1,503 42.9%
1900 2,257 50.2%
1910 3,094 37.1%
1920 3,415 10.4%
1930 3,882 13.7%
1940 4,170 7.4%
1950 4,543 8.9%
1960 5,128 12.9%
1970 5,810 13.3%
1980 6,027 3.7%
1990 6,769 12.3%
2000 7,781 15.0%
2010 8,445 8.5%
Est. 2015 8,505 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of 2000 the median age in the city was 40.8 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,445 people, 3,710 households, and 2,253 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,605.5 inhabitants per square mile (619.9/km2). There were 4,039 housing units at an average density of 767.9 per square mile (296.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.2% White, 0.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 3,710 households of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.3% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 40.8 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

Transportation

Plymouth is located along State Highways 57, 67 and 23. Rail access is provided by the Wisconsin and Southern Railway Company (WSOR). Sheboygan County Memorial Airport (KSBM) is seven miles away. Plymouth is located less than an hour drive from Milwaukee and Green Bay.

Rail

A single-track railroad branch line between Plymouth and Sheboygan runs through the city. Built by the Chicago & North Western (C&NW) Railroad, the track originally paralleled the electric interurban Wisconsin Power & Light line, which terminated at Elkhart Lake. In later years it was primarily a freight line for the Chicago and North Western Transportation Company, and Union Pacific after Union Pacific acquired the C&NW in 1995. In 2006, citing low demand and degraded infrastructure, Union Pacific announced plans to abandon the line west of the Kohler Company factory in Kohler, thus terminating all service to Sheboygan Falls. In 2009, the Wisconsin Department of Transportation purchased the Plymouth-Sheboygan Falls portion of the line from Union Pacific, with the intent of repairing the long dormant line to allow the Wisconsin & Southern Railroad to provide restored service to Plymouth by 2015.

Airport

Plymouth is served by the Sheboygan County Memorial Airport (KSBM), which is located several miles east of the city. SKBM is the seventh-busiest airport in Wisconsin with no commercial travel. The 700+ daily flight operations are primarily business travel. SKBM is capable of landing a 98,000 lbs. aircraft or a Boeing 737 with the longest concrete runway 6,800 feet long, longer than a mile. The airport has fixed base operator with several private, industrial and commercial lots available for development.

Utilities

The city provides the public water system and sewer. Wastewater is treated by the Plymouth City Utility Commission Wastewater Treatment Facility.

Electricity is provided by Plymouth Utilities.

Natural Gas is provided by Wisconsin Public Service Corporation (WPS).

Phone service is provided by Verizon. Frontier Communications offers broadband services.

Recreation

Located east of the Kettle Moraine State Forest, Plymouth is a recreational destination for visitors year round. It's also near acclaimed golf courses such as Blackwolf Run, which hosted the U.S. Women's Open in 1998 and 2012, and Whistling Straits, which hosted the 2004, 2010 and 2015 PGA Championships, the 2007 U.S. Senior Open, and is the future site of the 2020 Ryder Cup. The city is home to 17 parks that offer a wide variety of recreational opportunities including baseball (Plymouth Youth Athletic Association]), soccer (Plymouth Soccer Club) frisbee-golf, biking, swimming (Plymouth Aquatic Center), tennis, nature walks and more.

Biking and hiking

In 2015, Sheboygan County was designated a "Bicycle Friendly Community" by the League of American Bicyclists. Sheboygan County has built nearly 39 miles of off-street bike trails and dozens of miles on on-street trails. The 17-mile Old Plank Road Trail runs from Sheboygan through Plymouth to Glenbeulah, Wisconsin. This trail doubles as a snowmobile trail in winter.

The Kettle Moraine State Forest has several off-road mountain bike trails. Along the Kettle Moraine Scenic Drive in western Sheboygan County, the Greenbush Trail offers four hiking loops.

Plymouth offers a self-guided walking tour of historic downtown, which includes more than 50 historically significant homes, businesses and buildings, two of which are listed on national Register of Historic Places.

Broughton Marsh Park near Elkhart Lake is a 30-acre refuge used for fishing, camping, birdwatching, and hiking. The highlight is the 80-foot-tall Marsh Tower, the tallest in the state, which offers a panoramic view of the surrounding countryside.

Parnell Tower, in the Kettle Moraine State Forest, is a recreation area that features a 60-foot observation tower. There are also well-marked easy hiking trails and the Parnell Trail for experienced hikers.

Camping

There are three campgrounds in the Plymouth area: Broughton Marsh Park, Plymouth Rock Camping Resort and Sundance Farm Campground.

Concerts

Free concerts are held every Thursday night during the summer at Plymouth City Park, located at Highway 67 and Grove Street. In addition, the Plymouth Arts Foundation has a folk music series as well as other musical performances.

County fair

The Sheboygan County Fair is held every year on Labor Day weekend at Sheboygan County Fair Park in Plymouth.

Fall foliage

The Kettle Moraine Scenic Drive through western Sheboygan County is roughly 25 miles of prime fall color viewing.

Festivals

Festivals are held almost all year long in the Plymouth area. Some of those include the Jazz Crawl for the Arts, the Mill Street Festival, Oktoberfest, a huge Civil War reenactments at the Wade House Historic Site in nearby Greenbush, Road America races and a Holiday Gathering Christmas Parade.

Golf

The Bull at Pinehurst Farms in Sheboygan Falls is the only golf course in Wisconsin designed by golf legend Jack Nicklaus. Ranked in the top 100 public golf courses by Golf Digest in 2012-13 and 2015–16, Pinehurst Farms also offers banquet facilities and dining.

Evergreen Golf Course is a 9-hole course located in Plymouth.

Quit Qui Oc Golf Club in Elkhart Lake offers 27 holes, a restaurant and professional golf instruction.

Tom & Jerry's Mini Golf offers two 18-hole mini-golf courses in addition to batting cages and concessions.

Racing

Plymouth Dirt Track Racing runs all summer at Sheboygan County Fair Park

Road America is a road course located in the hills of Sheboygan County. With 14 turns over four miles, the course hosts a variety of racing events every year including vintage cars, super bike events, NASCAR and Indy car. The track also hosts go-kart racing on its Briggs & Stratton MotorPlex course.

Acquatic cntr
The Plymouth Aquatic Center is located in City Park.

Swimming

The Plymouth Aquatic Center at City Park is a zero-depth-entry pool with waterslides, a sand play area and concessions.

Plymouth High School's indoor pool is open to the community during open swim times.

Winter sports

Cross-country ski trails are groomed and available at a variety of locations in Sheboygan County, including the Kettle Moraine State Forest, Maywood Environmental Park, Jaycee Park and Evergreen Park in Sheboygan.

Downhill skiing is available at Nutt Hill in Plymouth, which opens once there is 10 inches of snow on the ground.

Sheboygan County has 230 miles of public snowmobiling trails.

Landmarks

Walldog
An artist works on his canvas next to one of the Walldogs murals that dot downtown Plymouth.

Antoinette

Made of fiberglass and standing 20 feet (6.1 m) tall, the statue of Antoinette the cow is a local landmark that honors the area's legacy of dairy production. She was erected in 1977, on the spot where the Wisconsin Cheese Exchange was located in the late 19th century, as part of the city's Centennial celebration. She's named after Jack Anton, who led the effort to put up the statue for the celebration.

Cheese Drop

The Cheese Drop is sponsored every year on New Year's Eve by the Plymouth Arts Center.

Walldogs

Painted on downtown buildings by a group of muralists called the Walldogs, there are 21 murals depicting scenes and businesses from Plymouth's history.

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