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Poland, Ohio
Village
Post office along McKinley Way
Post office along McKinley Way
Location of Poland, Ohio
Location of Poland, Ohio
Location of Poland in Mahoning County
Location of Poland in Mahoning County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Mahoning
Area
 • Total 1.65 sq mi (4.27 km2)
 • Land 1.63 sq mi (4.22 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 1,043 ft (318 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,555
 • Estimate (2012) 2,520
 • Density 1,567.5/sq mi (605.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44514
Area code(s) 330
FIPS code 39-63954
GNIS feature ID 1061561

Poland is a village located about 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Youngstown in Mahoning County, Ohio, United States. The population was 2,555 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

In 1796, Poland Township was the first charted township in the Connecticut Western Reserve, being the southeastern most portion (Township 1, Range 1). The township was founded by Jonathan Fowler, who fell in love with Yellow Creek which flows through Poland. Fowler owned an inn near the river which still stands as the oldest building in Poland. The historical buildings of Poland can be identified by a sign in the shape of Ohio located by the front door of the building.

The Village of Poland was founded in 1802. Poland Seminary was originally a private secondary school, Poland Academy, and then a liberal arts college founded in 1849. Its main building has been incorporated into Poland Middle School on College Street. Its dormitory is incorporated into the Poland Public Library on Main Street. Former distinguished faculty include the journalist Ida Tarbell; graduates include William McKinley, President of the United States.

The former medical school and Ohio Law College is now a private residence also on College Street. Poland is the home to the Poland Seminary High School Bulldogs. The girls softball team won the OHSAA Division II state championship in 2011.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.65 square miles (4.27 km2), of which 1.63 square miles (4.22 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 583
1870 453
1880 452 −0.2%
1890 391 −13.5%
1900 370 −5.4%
1910 367 −0.8%
1920 561 52.9%
1930 968 72.5%
1940 1,240 28.1%
1950 1,652 33.2%
1960 2,766 67.4%
1970 3,097 12.0%
1980 3,084 −0.4%
1990 2,992 −3.0%
2000 2,866 −4.2%
2010 2,555 −10.9%
Est. 2015 2,484 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,555 people, 1,066 households, and 765 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,567.5 inhabitants per square mile (605.2/km2). There were 1,135 housing units at an average density of 696.3 per square mile (268.8/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 98.5% White, 0.2% African American, 0.4% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 1,066 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.2% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the village was 46.3 years. 21.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.1% were from 25 to 44; 30.4% were from 45 to 64; and 21.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,990 people, 1,086 households, and 822 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,303.2 people per square mile (892.4/km²). There were 1,123 housing units at an average density of 902.5 per square mile (349.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.16% White, 0.24% African American, 0.10% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 0.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population.

There were 1,086 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.3% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the village, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $47,273, and the median income for a family was $55,486. Males had a median income of $42,857 versus $23,603 for females. The per capita income for the village was $23,924. About 4.5% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Coordinates: 41°01′29″N 80°36′44″W / 41.024676°N 80.612287°W / 41.024676; -80.612287


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