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Poland, Ohio
Village of Poland
Poland Library
Poland Library
Location of Poland in Mahoning County and in the State of Ohio
Location of Poland in Mahoning County and in the State of Ohio
Country United States
State Ohio
County Mahoning
 • Total 1.66 sq mi (4.29 km2)
 • Land 1.63 sq mi (4.23 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
1,043 ft (318 m)
 • Total 2,463
 • Density 1,483.73/sq mi (574.13/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 234/330
FIPS code 39-63954
GNIS feature ID 1061561

Poland is a village about 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Youngstown in Mahoning County, Ohio, United States. The population was 2,463 at the 2020 census. It is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.


In 1796, Poland Township was the first charted township in the Connecticut Western Reserve, being the southeastern most portion (Township 1, Range 1). The township was founded by Jonathan Fowler, who fell in love with Yellow Creek which flows through Poland. Fowler owned an inn near the river which still stands as the oldest building in Poland. The historical buildings of Poland can be identified by a sign in the shape of Ohio located by the front door of the building.

The Village of Poland was founded in 1802. Poland Seminary was originally a private secondary school, Poland Academy, and then a liberal arts college founded in 1849. Its main building has been incorporated into Poland Middle School on College Street. Its dormitory is incorporated into the Poland Public Library on Main Street. Former distinguished faculty include the journalist Ida Tarbell; graduates include William McKinley, President of the United States.

The former medical school and Ohio Law College is now a private residence also on College Street. Poland is the home to the Poland Seminary High School Bulldogs. The girls softball team won the OHSAA Division II state championship in 2011.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.65 square miles (4.27 km2), of which 1.63 square miles (4.22 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 583
1870 453
1880 452 −0.2%
1890 391 −13.5%
1900 370 −5.4%
1910 367 −0.8%
1920 561 52.9%
1930 968 72.5%
1940 1,240 28.1%
1950 1,652 33.2%
1960 2,766 67.4%
1970 3,097 12.0%
1980 3,084 −0.4%
1990 2,992 −3.0%
2000 2,866 −4.2%
2010 2,555 −10.9%
2020 2,463 −3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,555 people, 1,066 households, and 765 families living in the village. The population density was 1,567.5 inhabitants per square mile (605.2/km2). There were 1,135 housing units at an average density of 696.3 per square mile (268.8/km2). The village's racial makeup was 98.5% White, 0.2% African American, 0.4% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 1,066 households, of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.2% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the village was 46.3 years. 21.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.1% were from 25 to 44; 30.4% were from 45 to 64; and 21.3% were 65 years of age or older. The village's gender makeup was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.


Poland post office 44514
Post office along McKinley Way.

Poland is served by the Poland Local School District. The current schools serving the village are:

  • McKinley Elementary School – grades K-3
  • Poland Middle School – grades 4-6
  • Poland Seminary High School – grades 7-12

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Youngstown operates the private Holy Family School, which serves children in pre-kindergarten through the 8th grade.

Poland has a public library, a branch of the Public Library of Youngstown and Mahoning County.

Notable people

Women's History Month on Kiddle
Women Scientists of Antiquity
Mary the Jewess
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