Power transmission facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
HV Cable
Electric power transmission with underground cable. Here (1) is the conductor for heavy currents and (3) the insulation for high voltages.

Power transmission is the movement of energy from its place of generation to a place where it can be used for work.

Power is defined formally as units of energy per unit time. In SI units: 1 watt = 1 joule/s = 1 newton * metre/second (1W=1J/s=1N·m/s).

Since the development of technology, Transmission and storage systems have been of immense interest to technologists and technology users.

Electrical power

Electric transmission lines
Electric power transmission with overhead line.

With widespread establishment of power grids, power transmission has came to be associated most often with electric power transmission.

Mechanical power

Gears large
Mechanical power transmission

Electrical power transmission has replaced mechanical power transmission in all but the very shortest distances. From the start of the industrial revolution until the end of the 19th century mechanical power transmission was the norm. Factories were fitted with overhead driveshafts providing rotary power. Drivebelts would provide power to individual machines on the shop floor.

Mechanical power may be transmitted directly using a solid structure such as a driveshaft; transmission gears can adjust the amount of torque or force vs. speed in much the same way an electrical transformer adjusts voltage vs current.

Chemicals and fuels

Power (and energy) may be transmitted by physically transporting chemical or nuclear fuels. Possible artificial fuels include radioactive isotopes, wood alcohol, grain alcohol, methane, synthetic gas, cryogenic gas, hydrogen gas (H2) and liquefied natural gas (LNG).


Power transmission Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.