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Rainier III, Prince of Monaco facts for kids

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Rainier III
Prince Rainier III.jpg
Rainier in 1961
Prince of Monaco
Reign 9 May 1949 – 6 April 2005
Predecessor Louis II
Successor Albert II
Regent Albert (2005)
Born (1923-05-31)31 May 1923
Prince's Palace, Monte Carlo, Monaco
Died 6 April 2005(2005-04-06) (aged 81)
Monaco's Cardiothoracic Center, Monaco
Burial 15 April 2005
Cathedral of Our Lady Immaculate, Monaco-Ville, Monaco
Grace Kelly
(m. 1956; died 1982)
Full name
Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand
House Grimaldi-Goÿon-Polignac
Father Count Pierre of Polignac
Mother Princess Charlotte, Duchess of Valentinois
Religion Roman Catholic

Rainier III (Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi; 31 May 1923 – 6 April 2005) ruled the Principality of Monaco for almost 56 years, making him one of the longest ruling monarchs in European history. Though internationally known for his marriage to American actress Grace Kelly, he was also responsible for reforms to Monaco's constitution and for expanding the principality's economy from its traditional casino gambling base to its current tax haven role. Gambling accounts for only approximately three per cent of the nation's annual revenue today; when Rainier ascended the throne in 1949, it accounted for more than 95 per cent.

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