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Red milk snake
Red milk snake.JPG
An adult red milk snake
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Lampropeltis
L. t. syspila
Trinomial name
Lampropeltis triangulum syspila
Cope, 1889
Lampropeltis triangulum syspila 001
Red milk snake from Madison County, Iowa

Lampropeltis triangulum syspila, commonly known as the red milk snake or red milksnake, is a subspecies of Lampropeltis triangulum. The nonvenomous, colubrid snake is indigenous to the central United States.

Geographic range

The red milk snake is found from southern Indiana through northwestern Mississippi, western Kentucky, southeastern South Dakota through eastern Oklahoma and Kansas. An isolated population can be found in Bankhead National Forest in northwestern Alabama.


Red milk snakes average 60 to 91 centimetres (24 to 36 in) in length, although specimens as long as 132 centimetres (52 in) have been measured. They have smooth and shiny scales. Their dorsal color pattern is narrow bands of white, pale gray, cream, or tan bordered by black, alternated with red dorsal saddles. Some individuals display even greater dorsal saddle color diversity, ranging from reddish brown to grayish brown. The ventrum is usually white with a black checkered pattern. The head usually has a large red blotch edged in black.


Red milk snakes are constrictors. They consume a wide variety of small animals, such as rodents, other reptiles, amphibians, and birds.

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