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Madison County, Iowa facts for kids

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Madison County
Madison County courthouse
Madison County courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Madison County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Iowa
Founded 1846
Named for James Madison
Seat Winterset
Largest city Winterset
Area
 • Total 562 sq mi (1,460 km2)
 • Land 561 sq mi (1,450 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 15,679
 • Density 28/sq mi (11/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 3rd

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,679. The county seat is Winterset.

Madison County is included in the Des MoinesWest Des Moines, IA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Madison County is famous for being the county where John Wayne was born, and for a number of covered bridges. These bridges were featured in the 1992 book, 1995 movie, and 2014 musical The Bridges of Madison County.

History

Madison County was formed on January 13, 1846. It has been self-governed since 1849. It was named after James Madison (1751–1836), the fourth President of the United States (between 1809 and 1817). Hiram Hurst, a suspected murderer, arsonist and hog thief was the first white settler in Madison County, having come from Missouri about April 15, 1846.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 562 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 561 square miles (1,450 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-80.svg Interstate 80 (in the far northwestern corner of the county)
  • US 6.svg U.S. Highway 6
  • US 169 (IA).svg U.S. Highway 169
  • Iowa 92.svg Iowa Highway 92

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,179
1860 7,339 522.5%
1870 13,884 89.2%
1880 17,224 24.1%
1890 15,977 −7.2%
1900 17,710 10.8%
1910 15,621 −11.8%
1920 15,020 −3.8%
1930 14,331 −4.6%
1940 14,525 1.4%
1950 13,131 −9.6%
1960 12,295 −6.4%
1970 11,558 −6.0%
1980 12,597 9.0%
1990 12,483 −0.9%
2000 14,019 12.3%
2010 15,679 11.8%
2015 (est.) 15,753 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 15,679 in the county, with a population density of 27.9413/sq mi (10.7882/km2). There were 6,554 housing units, of which 6,025 were occupied.

Covered bridges

Holliwell Bridge 2
Hogback Bridge, one of the six remaining covered bridges in Madison County

There are only six extant covered bridges in Madison County:

The bridges were designed primarily by Eli Cox. Eli and his sons built several of the bridges including Imes and Cutler-Donahoe. Some of the bridges were built by Benton Jones.

Tunnel

Madison county is home to the only highway tunnel in Iowa, Harmon Tunnel, through the neck of an incised meander of the Middle River in Pammel Park.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

  • Crawford
  • Douglas
  • Grand River
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Lee
  • Lincoln
  • Madison
  • Monroe
  • Ohio
  • Penn
  • Scott
  • South
  • Union
  • Walnut
  • Webster

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Madison County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Winterset City 5,190
2 Earlham City 1,450
3 St. Charles City 653
4 Truro City 485
5 Patterson City 130
6 East Peru City 125
7 Macksburg City 113
8 Bevington (partially in Warren County) City 63
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