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Adair County, Iowa facts for kids

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Adair County
Adair County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Adair County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Iowa
Founded 1851
Named for John Adair
Seat Greenfield
Largest city Greenfield
Area
 • Total 570 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Land 569 sq mi (1,470 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (3 km2)  0.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 7,496
 • Density 13.15/sq mi (5.08/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 3rd

Adair County is a county in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 7,496. Its county seat is Greenfield.

The county was part of Iowa's 5th congressional district, which had a score of R+9 (strongly Republican) in the Cook Partisan Voting Index.

History

Adair County was formed in 1851 from sections of Pottawattamie County. It was named for John Adair, a general in the War of 1812, and the eighth Governor of Kentucky.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 570 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 569 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-80 (IA).svg Interstate 80
  • US 6 (IA).svg U.S. Highway 6
  • Iowa 25.svg Iowa Highway 25
  • Iowa 92.svg Iowa Highway 92
  • Iowa 925.svg Iowa Highway 925

Adjacent counties

Demographics

USA Adair County, Iowa age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Adair County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 984
1870 3,982 304.7%
1880 11,667 193.0%
1890 14,534 24.6%
1900 16,192 11.4%
1910 14,420 −10.9%
1920 14,259 −1.1%
1930 13,891 −2.6%
1940 13,196 −5.0%
1950 12,292 −6.9%
1960 10,893 −11.4%
1970 9,487 −12.9%
1980 9,509 0.2%
1990 8,409 −11.6%
2000 8,243 −2.0%
2010 7,682 −6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2018
AdairCountyIowaPop2020
Population of Adair County from US census data

2020 census

The 2020 census recorded a population of 7,496 in the county, with a population density of 12.9430/sq mi (4.9973/km2). 96.88% of the population reported being of one race. 92.89% were non-Hispanic White, 0.61% were Black, 2.48% were Hispanic, 0.25% were Native American, 0.31% were Asian, 0.03% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 3.43% were some other race or more than one race. There were 3,585 housing units of which 3,217 were occupied.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,682 people, 3,292 households, and 2,148 families residing in the county. The population density was 13.5 inhabitants per square mile (5.2/km2). There were 3,698 housing units at an average density of 6.5 per square mile (2.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.4% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.4% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 42.9% were German, 12.6% were Irish, 11.9% were English, 6.7% were Danish, and 6.4% were American.

Of the 3,292 households, 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.8% were non-families, and 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 45.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,202 and the median income for a family was $57,287. Males had a median income of $38,638 versus $31,642 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,497. About 5.7% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

As of 2000, 67.9% of the population (5,597) had a declared religious affiliation, in every case Christian. The leading religious denomination was the United Methodist Church, with 23.6% of the population (1,944 members); second was the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod, with 15.4% (1,268 members); third was the Roman Catholic church, with 12% of the population (1,003 members); and fourth was the Evangelical Lutheran church, with 11.8% of the population (978 members).

Communities

Cities

Townships

Adair County is divided into seventeen townships:

  • Eureka
  • Grand River
  • Greenfield
  • Grove
  • Harrison
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Lee
  • Lincoln
  • Orient
  • Prussia
  • Richland
  • Summerset
  • Summit
  • Union
  • Walnut
  • Washington

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Adair County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Greenfield City 1,982
2 Stuart (partially in Guthrie County) City 1,648
3 Adair (partially in Guthrie County) City 781
4 Fontanelle City 672
5 Casey (partially in Guthrie County) City 426
6 Orient City 408
7 Bridgewater City 182

Education

The county is served by five school districts:

  • Nodaway Valley Community School District
  • Orient-Macksburg Community School District.
  • CAM Community School District
  • Adair–Casey Community School District.
  • West Central Valley Community School District

The schools in the Nodaway Valley Community School District are:

The schools in the Orient-Macksburg Community School District are: The schools in the CAM Community School District are:

The schools in the Adair–Casey Community School District are:

  • Under a grade-sharing relationship with Guthrie Center Community School District, students attend AC/GC High School in Guthrie Center.

The schools in the West Central Valley Community School District are:

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