Rhabdomyolysis facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsRhabdomyolysis
|Symptoms||Muscle pains, weakness, vomiting, confusion, tea-colored urine, irregular heartbeat|
|Complications||Kidney failure, high blood potassium, low blood calcium, disseminated intravascular coagulation, compartment syndrome|
|Causes||Crush injury, strenuous exercise, medications, drug abuse, certain infections|
|Diagnostic method||Blood test (creatine kinase), urine test strip|
|Treatment||Intravenous fluids, dialysis, hemofiltration|
|Frequency||26,000 per year (USA)|
Rhabdomyolysis is where damaged skeletal muscles quickly break down.. The symptoms can be muscle pains, weakness, vomiting, and confusion. There can also be confusion and tea-colored urine. Rhabdomyolysis can also injure the kidneys with myoglobin.
During rhabdomyolysis, a protein that stores oxygen in the muscles called myoglobin is released into the blood. The kidneys filter the blood and remove the myoglobin. However, the myoglobin breaks down into other chemicals which damages the kidneys which can cause severe injury or even death.
Images for kids
Schematic diagram of myoglobin, a heme-containing protein that participates in oxygen storage in normal muscle but is responsible for kidney damage in rhabdomyolysis
Rhabdomyolysis Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.