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Richfield, Kansas facts for kids

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Richfield, Kansas
Location within Morton County and Kansas
Location within Morton County and Kansas
KDOT map of Morton County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Morton
Founded 1880s
Platted 1885
Incorporated 1887
Named for Rich soil
 • Total 1.00 sq mi (2.60 km2)
 • Land 1.00 sq mi (2.60 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
3,389 ft (1,033 m)
 • Total 30
 • Density 30/sq mi (11.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-59200
GNIS ID 485068

Richfield is a city in Morton County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 30.


Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

Richfield was platted in 1885. It was named for the fertility of their land. The town was built up quickly: in less than one year, Richfield had 600 inhabitants. In 1886, Morton County was founded and Richfield was established as the county seat.

20th century

By 1900, its population had declined to 61.

In the 1930s, the prosperity of the area was severely affected by its location within the Dust Bowl. This catastrophe intensified the economic impact of the Great Depression in the region.

In 1961, the county seat was moved from Richfield to Elkhart.


Richfield is located at 37°15′57″N 101°47′1″W / 37.26583°N 101.78361°W / 37.26583; -101.78361 (37.265731, -101.783654). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.00 square mile (2.59 km2), all of it land.


According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Richfield has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 164
1900 61 −62.8%
1910 53 −13.1%
1920 62 17.0%
1930 106 71.0%
1940 96 −9.4%
1950 105 9.4%
1960 122 16.2%
1970 82 −32.8%
1980 81 −1.2%
1990 50 −38.3%
2000 48 −4.0%
2010 43 −10.4%
2020 30 −30.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 43 people, 20 households, and 15 families residing in the city. The population density was 43.0 inhabitants per square mile (16.6/km2). There were 25 housing units at an average density of 25.0 per square mile (9.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White.

There were 20 households, of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.0% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.53.

The median age in the city was 50.5 years. 16.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 18.7% were from 45 to 64; and 32.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.2% male and 55.8% female.

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