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Richmond Heights, Florida
Exit 16
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing CDP boundaries
U.S. Census Bureau map showing CDP boundaries
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Miami-Dade
 • Total 1.61 sq mi (4.17 km2)
 • Land 1.59 sq mi (4.13 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.04 km2)
10 ft (3 m)
 • Total 8,944
 • Density 5,611.04/sq mi (2,166.62/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
33156, 33158, 33176
Area code(s) 305
FIPS code 12-60225
GNIS feature ID 0289685

Richmond Heights is a census-designated place (CDP) in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. The population was 8,541 at the 2010 census.


Richmond Heights is located at 25°38′0″N 80°22′21″W / 25.63333°N 80.37250°W / 25.63333; -80.37250 (25.633415, -80.372362).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 4,311
1970 6,663 54.6%
1980 8,577 28.7%
1990 8,583 0.1%
2000 8,479 −1.2%
2010 8,541 0.7%
2020 8,944 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Richmond Heights racial composition
(Hispanics excluded from racial categories)
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 314 3.51%
Black or African American (NH) 4,645 51.93%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 11 0.12%
Asian (NH) 45 0.5%
Pacific Islander (NH) 2 0.02%
Some Other Race (NH) 60 0.67%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 108 1.21%
Hispanic or Latino 3,759 42.03%
Total 8,944

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,944 people, 2,748 households, and 2,219 families residing in the CDP.


At the beginning of World War II, the United States Navy purchased 2,500 acres (1,000 ha) of land in southwestern Dade (now called Miami-Dade) County, Florida for the purpose of constructing an airship base. The land was owned by the Richmond Timber Company, a major supplier of Dade County Pine (a denser, harder, sub-species of Pinus Palustris, or Long Leaf Pine). The base was named Naval Air Station Richmond, after the lumber company and was home to the 25 ships of ZP-21(Patrol, Airship Squadron 21 and Airship Wing 2). NAS RICHMOND was the second largest airship base in the United States, NAS LAKEHURST being the largest. NAS RICHMOND was destroyed by a hurricane and fire in September 1945.

After the end of World War II, Captain Frank C. Martin, a white Pan American pilot, purchased farm land adjacent to the base in rural southwest Dade County. With this purchase he created Richmond Heights, as a new community for returning African American Veterans. Martin who served with black soldiers in World War II, had gained great admiration and respect for their fighting spirit and ability to overcome many obstacles created by both war and racial prejudice.

Prior to the Civil Rights Movement, decent affordable housing for African Americans professionals in South Florida was difficult to find. Martin soon formed Richmond Development Inc., and sought the help of a local advisory committee of African Americans to build his community. The committee included, Canon Theodore Gibson, Rector of Christ Episcopal Church in Coconut Grove, who was to become the leader of Miami's Civil Rights Movement, David A. Douglas, manager of the Atlanta Life Insurance Company and others such as Rev. Graham, Attorney G.E. Graves and Mr. William Perry.

As for Martin he made his home available to residents for weekend social activities, where the subject often turned to his dream of building a community theater and expanding the community across 152nd street where lakes would be dug. Martin donated land for parks, two churches (Bethel Baptist & Martin Memorial A.M.E) and the elementary school, which today bears his name.

Interestingly, of the original 3,000 acres (12 km2) he purchased in 1949, the Federal Government used eight hundred (800) acres to build the headquarters of Naval Air Station Richmond, a blimp base hastily constructed in the early months of World War II Richmond, and was eventually home to 25 K-series blimps, three hangars, and 3,000 men. The hangars were 16 stories tall, built of Douglas fir brought in by train. The blimps protected ship convoys in the Florida Straits, and [Richmond] was the headquarters for the fight against Nazi U-boats operating in the Caribbean.

By May 1951, Martin's Richmond Heights reached 457 homes. Unfortunately, he did not live to see his dream community when, on a trip near Lake Placid in Central Florida, Martin was killed in a collision with a truck.

Shocked at the loss of the 42-year-old community leader, construction stalled until 1952, when Hialeah builder, E.J. Pollock, a good friend and believer in Martin's plan, purchased the remaining acreage and began building.


Annually, people travel back to Miami-Dade County to celebrate the Historic Weekend hosted by the Historic Society. The 4th Annual Historic Weekend was celebrated on September 29 - October 1, 2016. This year visitors came from New Jersey, Georgia, Mississippi, and Virginia to celebrate the rich heritage of Historic Richmond Heights. The weekend began with a formal dinner at the Marriott Dadeland with a Junkanoo Band, Live Band, and white hot casino.

On Saturday, the documentary The Richmond Heights 49ers, directed by Jessica Garrett Modkins was premiered. The documentary explains why Captain Frank C. Martin, a white man, built a community for Black World War II veterans in 1949. It chronicles the early settlers’ lives through Jim Crow, school segregation, and armed forces segregation. The documentary features Captain Frank C. Martin, son of developer; Dr. Marvin Dun, author & retired professor; Graylyn Swiley Woods, historian; and early settlers like Samuel & Queen Armstrong.

The Richmond Heights 49ers was funded in part by a grant from the Florida Humanities Council, National Endowment of the Arts, Miami-Dade County Cultural Arts Department, and the Greater Miami Convention & Visitors Bureau.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Richmond Heights para niños

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