Santa Barbara Mission-Archive Library facts for kids
The Santa Barbara Mission Archive-Library was founded in 1967 as an independent, non-profit educational and research institution. The collection of mission documents in the archive-library remain in situ from the founding of the mission system. The collections include named sections,the Junipero Serra Collection (1713-1947), the California Mission Documents (1640-1853), and the Apostolic College collection (1853-1885). The archive-library also has a large collection of early California writings, maps, and images as well as a collection of materials for the Tohono O'odham Indians of Arizona. The institution holds several thousand photo images of various types covering a broad range of subjects and dating back to the late nineteenth century. Their collections also contain nineteenth-century oil paintings of the California missions by Edwin Deakin
SBMAL is the archival repository for registers in which the sacraments of baptism, marriage, and burial were recorded at the California missions. There are mission records from Mission San Diego de Alcalá; Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo; Mission San Antonio de Padua; Mission San Gabriel Arcángel; Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa; Mission San Francisco de Asís (Dolores); Mission San Juan Capistrano; Mission Santa Clara de Asís; Mission San Buenaventura; Mission Santa Bárbara (including Mission, Presidio, and Our Lady of Sorrows); Mission La Purísima Concepción; Mission Santa Cruz; Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad; Mission San Juan Bautista; Mission San Miguel Arcángel; Mission San Fernando Rey de España; Mission San Luis Rey de Francia; Mission Santa Inés; Mission San Rafael Arcángel; Mission San Francisco de Solano; Plaza—Los Angeles
The current archive-library, associated with but not part of the Franciscan Mission Santa Barbara, is a secular institution with an academically-trained, lay director. However, the original collection and organization is from the founding of the mission system in Alta California by the Franciscan Order. Santa Barbara became the headquarters of the California mission system, and documents relating to other California missions were collected and stored in Santa Barbara. The mission system was founded during period that Spanish Empire claimed California. With Mexican independence in 1821, religious jurisdiction remained in Franciscan hands, but the Mexican government in the early 1830s secularized the missions, turning them into parish churches. The collection of books and documents held by the Franciscan totaled around 3000 documents and around 1,000 books.
The materials held by the Franciscans was increased by Fr. Zephyrin Engelhardt, who conducted research on the Franciscan missions in California. He took extensive notes in the California archive in the office of the Surveyor General in San Francisco. Those notes are invaluable, since that office was destroyed in the San Francisco earthquake of 1906.
The physical condition of the collection deteriorated, due to dampness in the storage area and mold. In order to prevent further damage, a new facility to house the collection was envisioned. Creating a non-profit corporation, separate from Mission Santa Barbara was accomplished in 1967. For a period, it was headed in succession by Franciscans Geiger, Francis Guest, and Virgilio Biasiol, who initiated steps to better preserve the collection. Following the death Biasiol, the Archive-Library hired a lay professional archivist, Lynn Bremer. The second and current lay professional historian and archivist is Dr. Mónica Orozco.
Primarily a research facility, the Archive-Library also hosts talks by scholars. Its collection is listed in a finding aid at the Library of Congress.
It has been featured in a segment on C-SPAN, with SBMAL Director Orozco highlighting aspects of the collection.