Pharao Scorpion II on the Scorpion Macehead, Ashmolean Museum
|Pharaoh of Egypt|
Scorpion, also King Scorpion or Scorpion II refers to the second of two kings so-named of Upper Egypt during the Protodynastic Period. The only pictorial evidence of his existence is the so-called Scorpion Macehead, which was found in the Main deposit in a temple at Nekhen (Hierakonpolis) during the dig season of 1897–1898.
It is currently on display at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. The stratigraphy of this macehead was lost due to the methods of its excavators, but its style seems to date it to the very end of the Predynastic Period. Numerous small ivory tags showing the depiction of a scorpion have also been found.
The exact burial place of Scorpion II is unknown. There are two tombs that are both seen as candidates. The first one lies at Umm el-Qa'ab. It is a nearly quadratic chamber divided into four rooms by a simple, cross-shaped mud wall. Several ivory tags with scorpion figures were found here. The second one is located at Hierakonpolis, several ivory tags with scorpion figures were also found here.
Scorpion's name in popular culture
- The Scorpion King's name was used in the 2001 film The Mummy Returns, and its spin-offs The Scorpion King (2002), The Scorpion King 2: Rise of a Warrior (2008), The Scorpion King 3: Battle for Redemption (2012) and The Scorpion King 4: Quest for Power (2015)
- An action-adventure video game The Scorpion King: Rise of the Akkadian was released in 2002
- The 2007 children's novel Pharaoh by Jackie French deals with events in the court of King Scorpion and the rivalry between his sons Narmer and Prince Hawk
Images for kids
King Scorpion Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.