Second Battle of El Alamein facts for kids

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Second Battle of El Alamein
Part of Western Desert Campaign
El Alamein 1942 - British infantry.jpg
24 October 1942: British soldiers on the attack.
Date 23 October – 5 November 1942
Location El Alamein, Egypt
Result Decisive Allied victory
Participants
Allies:
 United Kingdom
 Australia
 New Zealand
 South Africa
 British India
 Free French Forces
 Greece
Axis:
 Nazi Germany
 Italy
Commanders and leaders
United Kingdom Harold Alexander
United Kingdom Bernard Montgomery
Nazi Germany Erwin Rommel
Nazi Germany Georg Stumme 
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946) Ettore Bastico
Strength
195,000 men
1,029 tanks
435 armoured cars
730 – 750 aircraft (530 serviceable)

892 – 908 artillery pieces
1,451 Anti Tank guns

116,000 men
547 tanks

192 armoured cars
770 – 900 aircraft (480 serviceable)
552 artillery pieces
496 Anti Tank Guns – 1,063

Casualties and losses
13,560 casualties
332 – ~500 tanks
111 guns
97 aircraft
30,542 casualties
~500 tanks
254 guns
84 aircraft

The Second Battle of El Alamein was a great turning point in the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War. The battle lasted from 23 October to 5 November 1942. The First Battle of El Alamein had stopped the Axis from attacking deep into Egypt further. Thereafter, Lieutenant-General Bernard Montgomery took command of the British Eighth Army in August 1942.

The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign. It ended Axis's hopes of occupying Egypt, taking control of the Suez Canal, and reaching the Middle Eastern oil fields.

The battle forced Erwin Rommel and his Afrika Corps to retreat back to the former French fortifications in the Mareth Line in the border between Tunisia and Libya.

Footnote

Citations

Images for kids


Second Battle of El Alamein Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.