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Siege of Roxburgh Castle facts for kids

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Siege of Roxburgh Castle
Part of Wars of Scottish Independence
Date 19 February 1314
Location
Roxburgh Castle, Scotland
55°35′46″N 2°27′25″W / 55.596°N 2.457°W / 55.596; -2.457Coordinates: 55°35′46″N 2°27′25″W / 55.596°N 2.457°W / 55.596; -2.457
Result Scottish victory
Belligerents
Flag of Scotland.svg
Kingdom of Scotland
Flag of England.svg
Kingdom of England
Commanders and leaders
James Douglas, Lord of Douglas William de Fiennes
Strength
Unknown, inferior to the English Thousands
Casualties and losses
Low High

The Siege of Roxburgh was a siege that took place in 1314, which was a major conflict in the First War of Scottish Independence. Sir James Douglas, Lord of Douglas, after his victory over the Clan MacDougall, had been capturing several castles back from the English, but the mere thought of taking Roxburgh Castle was one that daunted him. It was on impregnable ground, and was guarded well. He and Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland, disguised their few men as cows, so the garrison was unaware of their presence. They then used ladders to climb to the top and took the castle by total surprise. They inflicted heavy casualties on the garrison, including wounding their leader in the face with an arrow. This siege was a prelude to the Battle of Bannockburn.

The Lanercost Chronicle records that "all that beautiful castle the Scots pulled down to the ground, like the other castles that they had succeeded in capturing, lest the English should ever again rule the land by holding the castles."

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