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Southborough, Massachusetts
Center of Southborough
Center of Southborough
Official seal of Southborough, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester
Settled 1660
Incorporated 1727
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 15.7 sq mi (40.6 km2)
 • Land 14.2 sq mi (36.6 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)
Elevation
306 ft (93 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 10,450
 • Density 665.6/sq mi (257.4/km2)
Demonym(s) Southboronian
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Codes
01772, 01745
Area code(s) 508/774
FIPS code 25-63165
GNIS feature ID 0618382
Website www.southboroughtown.com

Southborough is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. It incorporates the smaller villages of Cordaville, Fayville, and Southville. Its name is often informally shortened to Southboro, a usage seen on many area signs and maps, though officially rejected by town ordinance. Its population was 10,450 at the 2020 census, in 3,542 households.

Southborough was named number 31 in the nation on CNN Money's "100 Best Places to Live" in 2009. Southborough consistently ranks as the wealthiest community in Worcester County. It ranked 15th for most million dollar earners among all Massachusetts communities. Southborough home prices are among the most expensive in Massachusetts, and Southborough real estate consistently ranks among the most expensive in America. Of the town's residents, 93.80% are employed in white-collar jobs, well above the nation's average.

Land use is primarily residential, with substantial open space. A tenth of the town's area is flooded by the Sudbury Reservoir. Light industrial land use is concentrated along main roads, primarily Massachusetts Route 9, and there are several small business districts in the villages and along Route 9.

History

Southborough was first settled in 1660 and was officially incorporated in July 1727. Southborough was primarily a farming community until mills began to tap the small rivers that ran through the town. By the end of the 19th century, Southborough was home to the manufacture of plasters, straw bonnets, boots, and shoes, among other things.

In 1727, Southborough split off as the "south borough" of Marlborough, much as Westborough split off from Marlborough 1717, 10-years before.

In 1898 the Fayville Dam was constructed to produce several reservoirs to supply a growing Boston with water. As a result, manufacturing vanished, and Southborough did not see substantial growth until the high-tech boom of the 1970s.

The Fay, Burnett, and Choate families along with hundreds of others had a major impact on the development of the town as it is known today. Buildings such as St. Mark's Church, St. Mark's School, the Library, and the Community House and the Fay School were all derived from or were direct products of these families.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.7 square miles (41 km2), of which 14.1 square miles (37 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), or 9.64%, is water.

Adjacent towns

Southborough is located in eastern Massachusetts, bordered by six towns:

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 1,347 —    
1860 1,854 +37.6%
1870 2,135 +15.2%
1880 2,142 +0.3%
1890 2,114 −1.3%
1900 1,921 −9.1%
1910 1,745 −9.2%
1920 1,838 +5.3%
1930 2,166 +17.8%
1940 2,231 +3.0%
1950 2,760 +23.7%
1960 3,996 +44.8%
1970 5,798 +45.1%
1980 6,193 +6.8%
1990 6,628 +7.0%
2000 8,781 +32.5%
2010 9,767 +11.2%
2020 10,450 +7.0%

Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.

By the census of 2010, the population had reached 9,767.

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,781 people, 2,952 households, and 2,426 families residing in the town. The population density was 620.7 inhabitants per square mile (239.7/km2). There were 2,997 housing units at an average density of 211.8 per square mile (81.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.47% White, 0.54% African American, 0.07% Native American, 3.52% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.50% of the population.

There were 2,952 households, out of which 47.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.9% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 14.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97, and the average family size was 3.30.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 32.1% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $132,986, and the median income for a family was $129,454, although according to CNN, median family income had risen to $148,297 by 2009. Males had a median income of $80,961 versus $50,537 for females. The per capita income for the town was $64,310. About 0.4% of families and 0.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.7% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Library

The public library in Southborough was established in 1852. In fiscal year 2008, the town of Southborough spent 0.95% ($370,390) of its budget on its public library—some $38 per person.

Transportation

Southborough Commuter Rail Train Arriving
The 7:33 AM Express MBTA Commuter Rail Train about to arrive at Southborough Station on March 7, 2007

The MBTA Commuter Rail's Framingham/Worcester Line train stops at Southborough Station, which opened to commuters on June 22, 2002. The station is located in the Cordaville neighborhood, on Route 85 near the border with Hopkinton. As of October 2007, ten daily round-trip trains provide service to Boston via the Back Bay and South Station terminals.

Interstate 495 and the Massachusetts Turnpike (Interstate 90) both pass through Southborough, although neither have interchanges within town limits. Routes 9 and 30 are east-west routes passing through Southborough, while Route 85 serves the town as a north-south route.

Points of interest

Some interesting places in Southborough are:

  • 9/11 Field
  • Arts Center
  • Community House
  • Rural Cemetery
  • Breakneck Hill conservation land
  • Sudbury Reservoir Trail
  • St. Mark's School
  • Beals Preserve
  • Pilgrim Congregational Church (as pictured): where the funeral scene from the movie "Grown Ups" was filmed

Annual events

Southborough celebrates Heritage Day on Columbus Day. The day starts with a brief, noisy parade down Main St., anchored by youth organizations, the Algonquin High School marching band, and police and fire vehicles. The parade ends adjacent to the St. Mark's green, where vendors and local organizations set up booths offering crafts, food, knick-knacks, and information.

There are also events on the prior Sunday, including a five-mile run, a three-mile walk, and a pumpkin-carving contest that is judged at dusk.

Economy

Information technology services company Virtusa is based in Southborough, as well as ICQ Consultants, a qualification and validation service provider to regional, national, and global biopharma and life sciences companies.

Education

Public and private educational campuses frame Southborough's downtown.

Public schools

Margaret A Neary School
Margaret A. Neary Elementary School

Southborough has six public schools. The four elementary and middle schools are inside town limits; the two high schools are regional schools in adjoining towns.

  • Mary E. Finn School – Preschool, kindergarten, and 1st grade
  • Albert S. Woodward School – 2nd and 3rd grade
  • Margaret A. Neary School – 4th and 5th grade
  • P. Brent Trottier Middle School – 6th, 7th, and 8th grade
  • Algonquin Regional High School in Northborough, Massachusetts – 9th to 12th
  • Assabet Valley Regional Technical High School in Marlborough, Massachusetts – 9th to 12th

Private schools

Southborough is home to a private secondary school, St. Mark's, which was founded in 1865 by Joseph Burnett. The oldest junior boarding school in the nation, the Fay School, was founded a year later in 1866 by Joseph Burnett's first cousin Harriet Burnett Fay.

Notable people

  • Marty Barrett, former Red Sox second baseman, who now resides in Las Vegas
  • Doug Brown, former National Hockey League forward
  • Ryan Gallant, professional skateboarder
  • John Garabedian, radio personality
  • Winfield Scott Hammond (1863–1915), Congressman, Governor of Minnesota from January 5, to December 30, 1915
  • Jeffrey Johnson, actor
  • Storm Large, musician and actress
  • Warner Oland (1879–1938), actor and star of sixteen 'Charlie Chan' movies from 1931–1937
  • Rico Petrocelli, former Red Sox third baseman
  • Mike Port, former Red Sox General Manager and executive
  • E. C. Spykman (1896–1965), children's novelist and journalist
  • Robert H. Thayer (1901–1984), lawyer, naval officer and diplomat
  • Luis Tiant, former Red Sox pitcher
  • Michael Weishan, former PBS host

See also

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