Southern Province, Sri Lanka facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Southern Province
දකුණු පළාත
தென் மாகாணம்
Province
Flag of Southern Province
Flag
Location within Sri Lanka
Location within Sri Lanka
Country Sri Lanka
Created 1833
Admitted 14 November 1987
Area
 • Total 5,544 km2 (2,141 sq mi)
Area rank 7th (8.46% of total area)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 2,464,732
 • Rank 3rd (12.18% of total pop.)
 • Density 444.58/km2 (1,151.45/sq mi)
Gross Regional Product (2010)
 • Total Rs 492 billion
 • Rank 3rd (10.2% of total)
Time zone Sri Lanka (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code LK-3
Vehicle registration SP
Official Languages Sinhala, Tamil

The Southern Province of Sri Lanka is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. It is the 7th largest province by area and is home to 2.5 million people, the 3rd most populated province. The province is bordered by Sabaragamuwa Province and Uva Province to the North, Eastern Province to the Northeast, Western Province to the Northwest and the Indian Ocean to the South, West and East. The Province's capital is Galle.

The Southern Province is a small geographic area consisting of the districts of Galle, Matara and Hambantota. Subsistence farming and fishing is the main source of income for the vast majority of the people of this region. Government School education is primarily handled by the Southern Provincial Education Department.

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Southern Province, Sri Lanka Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.