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Southwick House
SouthWickHouse.jpg
Southwick House showing the colonnade
General information
Architectural style Georgian style
Town or city Hampshire
Country England
Coordinates 50°52′29″N 1°06′07″W / 50.8748°N 1.1019°W / 50.8748; -1.1019Coordinates: 50°52′29″N 1°06′07″W / 50.8748°N 1.1019°W / 50.8748; -1.1019
Completed 1800
Technical details
Floor count 3
Listed Building – Grade II
Official name HMS Dryad (Southwick House)
Designated 24 September 1987
Reference no. 1096247

Southwick House is a Grade II listed 19th-century manor house of the Southwick Estate in Hampshire, England, about 5 miles (8 km) north of Portsmouth. It is home to the Defence School of Policing and Guarding, and related military police capabilities.

History

Early history

The house was built in 1800 in the late Georgian style, to replace Southwick Park house. The three-storey house is distinct for its two-storey foyer lit from a cupola, and a series of elliptical rooms. A semi-circular portico is centered on the house's colonnade of paired Ionic columns.

World War II

The house became important during World War II. In 1940, the estate owners allowed the Royal Navy to use the house to accommodate overnight pupils of the Royal Navy School of Navigation, HMS Dryad, which was based in Portsmouth Naval Dockyard. In 1941, after heavy bombing of the dockyard, the house was requisitioned and became the new home of HMS Dryad.

In 1943, with the planning for D-Day already underway, the house was chosen to be the location of the advance or forward command post (Sharpener Camp) of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force. Because of this, HMS Dryad was moved out of the house onto further land requisitioned from the estate.

D-day preparation

Southwick house D day map room 2019-9-11
D-Day map in map room, 2019, with markers for positions of forces at the 6 June 1944 landings
Southwick House map room in operation 1944
Drawing showing map room in operation, 1944

In 1944, in the months leading up to D-Day, the house became the headquarters of the main allied commanders, including Allied Supreme Commander General Eisenhower, Naval Commander-in-Chief Admiral Ramsay and Army Commander-in-Chief General Montgomery.

The large wall maps that were used on D-Day are still in place in the house in the main map room.

Southwick house - D day departures 1944-6-6
Area of the map showing D-day departure routes from the south coast of England; Isle of Wight in centre
Southwick house D-day beaches map
Area of the map showing arrival routes at the Normandy beaches around Arromanches
Southwick House - Eisenhower & Cronkite 1963
Former US president Eisenhower (right) re-visited the map room in 1963, and was interviewed by Walter Cronkite

After HMS Dryad

In 2004 the functions of HMS Dryad were transferred to HMS Collingwood in Fareham and the site reverted to its original name of Southwick Park.

Since 2005 it has been home to the tri-Service Defence School of Policing and Guarding (formerly the Defence College of Policing and Guarding).

Military site closure

In November 2016 the Ministry of Defence announced that the site would close in 2025. This was later extended to 2031.

Listings

In 1987, the house was recorded as Grade II listed on the National Heritage List for England. The following year, the detached clock tower – a three-stage Italianate structure with a slate roof – was also Grade II listed.

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