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Sullivan, Indiana
City of Sullivan
Downtown Sullivan
Downtown Sullivan
Nickname(s): 
Home of the Golden Arrows
Motto(s): 
Take time to care
Location of Sullivan in Sullivan County, Indiana.
Location of Sullivan in Sullivan County, Indiana.
Country  United States
State  Indiana
County Sullivan
Township Hamilton
Area
 • Total 1.88 sq mi (4.86 km2)
 • Land 1.88 sq mi (4.86 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation
528 ft (161 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 4,264
 • Density 2,274.13/sq mi (878.13/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
47864, 47882
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-74006
GNIS feature ID 444366

Sullivan is a city in Hamilton Township, Sullivan County, Indiana, United States. The population was 4,249 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Terre Haute Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is the county seat of Sullivan County.

History

The Sullivan post office has been in operation since 1843.

Geography

Sullivan is located at 39°5′49″N 87°24′23″W / 39.09694°N 87.40639°W / 39.09694; -87.40639 (39.096888, -87.406447).

According to the 2010 census, Sullivan has a total area of 1.88 square miles (4.87 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 949
1870 1,396 47.1%
1880 2,161 54.8%
1890 2,222 2.8%
1900 3,118 40.3%
1910 4,115 32.0%
1920 4,489 9.1%
1930 5,306 18.2%
1940 5,077 −4.3%
1950 5,423 6.8%
1960 4,979 −8.2%
1970 4,683 −5.9%
1980 4,774 1.9%
1990 4,663 −2.3%
2000 4,617 −1.0%
2010 4,249 −8.0%
2020 4,264 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
Sullivan, Indiana Courthouse
Sullivan County Courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,249 people, 1,835 households, and 1,073 families living in the city. The population density was 2,260.1 inhabitants per square mile (872.6/km2). There were 2,110 housing units at an average density of 1,122.3 per square mile (433.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 1,835 households, of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.5% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 39.8 years. 23.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.4% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 18.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female.

Education

The town is served by the Southwest School Corporation, and students go to Sullivan High School.

Sullivan has a public library, a branch of the Sullivan County Public Library.

Notable people

  • Will H. Hays (1879–1954) - Chairman of the Republican National Committee (1918–21), Postmaster General of the United States (1921-22), President of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (1922–45) and namesake of the movie industry's Hays Code.
  • Nelson Poynter (1903–1978) - Newspaperman and founder of the Poynter Institute.
  • Antoinette Dakin Leach (April 3, 1859 – June 11, 1922) was an American lawyer and a women's rights pioneer who was an active organizer on behalf of women's suffrage in Indiana. When the Greene-Sullivan Circuit Court denied Leach's petition for admission to the bar in 1893, her successful appeal to the Indiana Supreme Court, In re Petition of Leach, broke the gender barrier for admission to the bar in Indiana, securing the right for women to practice law in the state. The landmark decision, a progressive one for the time, also set a precedent that was used in 1897 as a test case to give Indiana women the right to vote, although the voting rights challenge in Gougar v Timberlake was unsuccessful. Leach was also an active politician and a supporter of women's suffrage who favored a constitutional amendment to secure women's right to vote. The Wooster, Ohio, native and married mother of two was trained as a lawyer and stenographer. She began her legal career as court reporter for the Greene-Sullivan Circuit Court in Sullivan, Indiana. After Leach was admitted to the bar in 1883, she maintained a general law practice in Sullivan and in Indianapolis, Indiana, from 1911 until her retirement in 1917. Leach also held several leadership roles in local and state politics, including membership in the Republican Party and serving as a delegate to the party's state convention in 1896, before joining the Progressive Party when it endorsed equal suffrage. Leach served for three years as Sullivan County chair of Progressive Party and for twelve years as president of the Sullivan County Bar Association. She was admitted to Indiana State Bar Association in 1909. Leach served as a State Organizer for the National American Suffrage Association and ran an active but unsuccessful campaign for state representative in 1910. In addition, she founded the Woman Citizen, a monthly publication of Indiana's Equal Suffrage Association, in 1911 and served as its editor for two years. Two plaques in the rotunda of the Sullivan County Courthouse commemorate Leach's life and her successful effort to secure women the right to practice law in Indiana.
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