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Sumrall, Mississippi
Location of Sumrall, Mississippi
Location of Sumrall, Mississippi
Sumrall, Mississippi is located in the United States
Sumrall, Mississippi
Sumrall, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Lamar
 • Total 3.76 sq mi (9.73 km2)
 • Land 3.74 sq mi (9.70 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
292 ft (89 m)
 • Total 1,421
 • Estimate 
 • Density 498.66/sq mi (192.53/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 601
FIPS code 28-71560
GNIS feature ID 0678406

Sumrall is a town in Lamar County, Mississippi. It is part of the Hattiesburg, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,421 at the 2010 census.


Sumrall was one of many new towns incorporated along the Mississippi Central Railroad during the first decade of the 20th century. Prior to the arrival of the railroad, founder Daniel Sumrall operated a grist mill along Mill Creek. In 1890, the federal government established a post office in the community and named it Sumrall. The J. J. Newman Company, headed by Fenwick Peck, chose the site as the location for a large sawmill. Situated in the heart of South Mississippi's pine belt, the location was ideal for just such a large mill. Evidence of the quality of timber in the area is supported by a prize-winning short leaf pine displayed at the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis. The tree was 160 feet tall, measured 20 feet in circumference and was 6 feet eight inches in diameter. With the arrival of the railroad, the town grew quickly and petitioned for incorporation as a town; this wish was granted by the Mississippi Legislature on October 6, 1903. Some early residents wanted to change the name of the town because, although Daniel Sumrall was a native of Perry County in Mississippi, he had served in the Civil War as a Union soldier. The federal government had the final choice in the matter and, as they refused to change the name of the post office, any change in the name of the city would have been meaningless.

Mississippi Central Railroad Passenger Train, Sumrall, Mississippi (circa early 1900s)
Mississippi Central Railroad passenger train in Sumrall, early 1900s.

For nearly 30 years the Newman Lumber Company was the main industry of the city. As the timber industry was a "cut out and get out" operation at this time, when the mill depleted the profitable timber supply it ceased operation in 1931. Combined with the Great Depression, the shutdown of the mill had a marked impact on the town and left it with no large employer for nearly 20 years. In 1949, the Movie Star Company opened a plant in nearby Purvis, and soon opened a similar plant in Sumrall which provided stable employment for many local women until the 1990s. The population of the city remained flat or declined from 1940-2000. As the metropolitan area of Hattiesburg has expanded westward, Sumrall is now once again experiencing economic growth. The Longleaf Trace, a recreational trail which follows the route of the former Mississippi Central Railroad, runs through the center of town. The Longleaf Trace extends from Hattiesburg, MS to Prentiss Mississippi and is popular with bikers, hikers, and horseback riders.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2), of which 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) is land and 0.46% is water.


The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Sumrall has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,046
1920 1,444 −29.4%
1930 1,364 −5.5%
1940 819 −40.0%
1950 853 4.2%
1960 797 −6.6%
1970 955 19.8%
1980 1,197 25.3%
1990 903 −24.6%
2000 1,005 11.3%
2010 1,421 41.4%
2019 (est.) 1,867 31.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Sumrall racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 1,385 78.47%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 275 15.58%
Native American 3 0.17%
Asian 5 0.28%
Other/Mixed 56 3.17%
Hispanic or Latino 41 2.32%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,765 people, 618 households, and 454 families residing in the town.


Sumrall High School won 3A State Championships in baseball in 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2015.. The 2009 team was undefeated, while the 2010 team lost a single game. They currently hold the state record in Mississippi for the consecutive number of high school baseball games won, with a streak of 67 games won between 2008 and 2010.


The Town of Sumrall is served by the Lamar County School District. Schools in Sumrall are the Sumrall High School (Home of the Bobcats) or the Elementary School of Sumrall

Notable people

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Sumrall para niños

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