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Rastra Gaurav
Sushil Prasad Koirala
सुशील प्रसाद कोइराला
Sushil Koirala Photograph.png
47th Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
11 February 2014 – 11 October 2015
President Ram Baran Yadav
Preceded by Khil Raj Regmi (Acting)
Succeeded by Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
President of the Nepali Congress
In office
22 September 2010 – 9 February 2016
Preceded by Girija Prasad Koirala
Succeeded by Sher Bahadur Deuba
Member of the House of Representatives for Banke–2
In office
Preceded by Constituency created
Succeeded by Shanti SJB Rana
In office
Preceded by Shanti SJB Rana
Succeeded by Mohammad Estiyak Rai
(as member of the Constituent Assembly)
Member of the Constituent Assembly / Legislature Parliament
In office
21 January 2014 – 9 February 2016
Preceded by Sarbadev Prasad Ojha
Succeeded by Nanda Lal Roka Chhetri
(as member of the House of Representatives)
Constituency Banke–3
Personal details
Born (1939-08-12)12 August 1939
Biratnagar, Kingdom of Nepal
Died 9 February 2016(2016-02-09) (aged 76)
Kathmandu, Nepal
Nationality Nepali
Political party Nepali Congress
Parent(s) Bodh Prasad Koirala (father)
Kumudini Koirala (mother)
Nickname(s) Sushil Da (Nepali: सुशील दा)

Sushil Prasad Koirala (Nepali: सुशील कोइराला; 12 August 1931 – 9 February 2016) was a Nepalese politician and the Prime Minister of Nepal from 11 February 2014 to 10 October 2015. He was also President of the Nepali Congress from 2010 to 2016, having earlier served under various capacities in the party.

Early life

Koirala was born to Bodh Prasad and Kumudini Koirala on 12 August 1939 in Biratnagar, second-largest city of Nepal. A member of the politically prominent Koirala family, he was the cousin of former prime ministers Matrika Prasad Koirala, Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala and Girija Prasad Koirala.

Political career

Koirala entered politics in 1954 inspired by the social-democratic ideals of the Nepali Congress. In 1958, he keenly participated in Bhadra Abagya Aandalon (Civil Disobedience Movement) launched by the Nepali Congress. In 1959, he actively involved himself in the party's objective of carrying out the democratic elections. The election saw Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala become the first elected prime minister of the country. However, King Mahendra planned and executed a coup in December 1960 and expelled the elected government led by B.P. Koirala. This resulted in the exile of several members of the Nepali Congress to India, which included Sushil Koirala. He remained in political exile in India for 16 years following the royal takeover of 1960. Koirala also spent three years in Indian prisons for his involvement in a plane hijacking in 1973. While in exile, Koirala was the editor of Tarun, the official party publication. He has been a member of the Central Working Committee of the party since 1979 and was appointed General Secretary of the party in 1996 and Vice President in 1998.

In 2001, he lost the leadership ballot for Nepali Congress' parliamentary party to former prime minister Sher Bahadur Deuba. Koirala was appointed acting president of the party in 2008 by president Girija Prasad Koirala. The 12th general convention of the Nepali Congress, on 22 September 2010, elected him party president.

The Nepali Congress emerged as the largest party in the 2013 Constituent Assembly elections under Koirala's leadership. He was elected leader of the Congress' parliamentary party securing 105 out of 194 votes against former prime minister Deuba's 89 votes, and on 10 February 2014, he was nominated as prime minister by the constituent assembly. During his tenure as prime minister, his government was criticized for its slow aid response to the April 2015 Nepal earthquake. A historic agreement among the country's four major political parties was also made that year, which paved the way for the promulgation of a new constitution. Due his major role, he is also known as the "Father of the Constitution" Honouring a pledge to stand down as prime minister once the new constitution came into effect, Koirala resigned on 10 October 2015. He sought re-election but was defeated by KP Sharma Oli, leader of Congress' former coalition partners, the CPN (UML).

Electoral history

Koirala was elected to the Pratinidhi Sabha from the Banke–2 constituency in 1991 and 1999, while he was defeated in 1994. He lost in the 2008 Constituent Assembly election from Banke–3, finishing third behind the candidates of the MJFN and the UCPN (Maoist). He contested and won from both Banke–3 and Chitwan–4 in the 2013 Constituent Assembly election. He later relinquished the Chitwan–4 seat and represented Banke–3 in the 2nd Constituent Assembly.

Only the top two candidates are shown below.

1991 Pratinidhi Sabha Election


Party Candidate Votes Status
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 14,409 Elected
CPN (UML) 5,926 Lost
Result Congress win

1994 Pratinidhi Sabha Election


Party Candidate Votes Status
RPP Shanti Shamsher Rana 15,711 Elected
Congress Sushil Koirala 10,222 Lost
Result RPP gain from Congress

1999 Pratinidhi Sabha Election


Party Candidate Votes Status
Congress Sushil Koirala 15,256 Elected
CPN (ML) Rijwan Ahammad Sah 6,185 Lost
Result Congress gain from RPP

2008 Constituent Assembly Election


Party Candidate Votes Status
MJF – Nepal Sarbadev Prasad Ojha 14,900 Elected
UCPN (Maoist) Parma Nanda Kurmi 6,970 Lost
Congress Sushil Koirala 5,969 Lost
Result MJFN gain from Congress

2013 Constituent Assembly Elections


Party Candidate Votes Status
Congress Sushil Koirala 10,753 Elected
RPP – Nepal Dhawal Shumsher Rana 8,809 Lost
Result Congress gain from MJFN


Party Candidate Votes Status
Congress Sushil Koirala 20,760 Elected
UCPN (Maoist) Chitra Bahadur Shrestha 10,739 Lost
Result Congress gain from UCPN(M)

2015 Parliamentary Prime Minister Election

Party Candidate Votes Status
CPN (UML) KP Sharma Oli 338 Elected
Congress Sushil Koirala 249 Lost
Result CPN (UML) gain from Congress

Personal life

Koirala remained unmarried throughout his life and was known to live a simple life. He was fondly known among his friends and supporters as 'Sushil daa'. Although Koirala was believed to have completed formal education with an Intermediate of Commerce (I. Comm.) degree from a college in India according to his sister-in-law, he refuted those claims and maintained to have only received informal education.

Illness and death

A heavy smoker, Koirala was diagnosed with tongue cancer in 2006 and lung cancer in June 2014. He died on 10 February 2016 at 12:50 AM of pneumonia in Kathmandu, at the age of 76.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Sushil Koirala para niños

  • Sushil Koirala Memorial Foundation
  • Koirala cabinet, 2013
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