Texas balloonwort facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsTexas balloonwort
|Female plants of Sphaerocarpos texanus bearing mature sporophytes.|
Sphaerocarpus berterii Aust., 1873
Sphaerocarpos texanus, the Texas balloonwort, is a species of liverwort in the Sphaerocarpaceae family, found in the Americas, northern Africa and Europe.
Sphaerocarpos texanus are small, thalloid, dioecious liverworts. The species is sexually dimorphic, with male plants usually 3–5 mm in diameter, females up to 12 mm in diameter. Both male (bearing antheridia) and female (bearing archegonia) plants are bright green, with the thallus branching up to several times. The plant is a winter annual, appearing in autumn and dying in spring. Notably, the spores occur in sets of four, called tetrads. Unlike most other species of liverwort, the spores stay in these tetrads until they germinate.
The plant is found on flat, lightly shaded soil. Usually by roadsides.
Texas balloonwort Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.