Timeline of Columbia, South Carolina facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Columbia, South Carolina, USA.

18th-19th centuries

  • 1786 - Columbia established as state capital (previously located in Charleston).
  • 1788 - Columbia becomes part of the new US state of South Carolina.
  • 1795 - First Presbyterian Church congregation founded.
  • 1797 - Commission of Streets and Markets established.
  • 1804 - Columbia Library Society founded.
  • 1805
    • Town chartered.
    • John Taylor elected intendant (town leader).
    • South Carolina College opens.
  • 1809 - First Baptist Church founded.
  • 1813 - Trinity Episcopal Church founded.
  • 1814 - State Legislative Library established.
  • 1824 - St. Peter's Roman Catholic Church built.
  • 1825 - March: Lafayette visits town.
  • 1830
    • Columbia Theological Seminary active.
    • Population: 3,310.
  • 1838 - Southern Chronicle newspaper begins publication.
  • 1840 - Population: 4,340.
  • 1842
    • Railroad (Branchville-Columbia) begins operating.
    • Arsenal Military Academy (the Citadel) established.
  • 1846 - J.T. Zealy daguerreotypist in business.
  • 1847 - Southern Presbyterian Review begins publication.
  • 1850
    • Carolina Times newspaper begins publication.
    • Population: 6,060.
  • 1852 - Charlotte-Columbia railway begins operating.
  • 1853
    • Greenville-Columbia railway begins operating.
    • First Presbyterian Church building constructed.
  • 1854 - Office of mayor established.
  • 1856
    • Town police force and Athenaeum established.
    • South Carolina State Fair begins.
  • 1857
    • Trinity Episcopal Cathedral building consecrated.
    • Southern Guardian newspaper begins publication.
  • 1865
    • February 17-18: Union forces in power; city burned.
    • The Phoenix newspaper begins publication.
  • 1869 - South Carolina State House built.
  • 1870
    • Benedict College founded.
    • Area of city expands.
  • 1871 - October: "Southern States Convention of Colored Men" held in Columbia.
  • 1874 - State normal school opens.
  • 1875 - US Court House built.
  • 1880 - Population: 10,036.
  • 1891 - The State newspaper begins publication.
  • 1892 - Columbia Hospital established.
  • 1893 - Sidney Park Colored Methodist Episcopal Church built.
  • 1895 - Columbia Duck Mill begins operating.
  • 1896 - South Carolina Confederate Relic Room and Museum established.
  • 1897 - Columbia Record newspaper begins publication.
  • 1899 - Olympia Mill built.

20th century

  • 1908 - Main Street paved.
  • 1913
    • National Corn Show held in city.
    • Palmetto Building constructed.
  • 1917 - Military Camp Jackson established.
  • 1920 - Population: 37,524.
  • 1921 - Bethel A.M.E. Church builtl
  • 1922 - February: Trolley strike.
  • 1924 - Town Theatre built.
  • 1925 - Part of North Columbia annexed to city.
  • 1926-7 - Capital Heights, Hollywood, Kilbourne Park, Rose Hill, and Rosewood annexed to city.
  • 1930
    • Dreher Shoals Dam begins operating.
    • Belk's department store in business.
  • 1931 - Carolina Theatre opens.
  • 1932 - Thomas Woodrow Wilson Boyhood Home (museum) opens.
  • 1934 - Richland County Public Library established.
  • 1937
    • US Courthouse becomes Columbia City Hall.
    • Palmetto Theater opens.
    • University South Caroliniana Society founded.[1]
  • 1939 - Municipal Association of South Carolina headquartered in Columbia.[2]
  • 1940
    • Lexington County Airport built.
    • US military Fort Jackson active.
    • Population: 62,396.
  • 1941 - Carver Theatre built.
  • 1950
    • Columbia Museum of Art and Twilite Drive-In cinema open.
    • Population: 86,914.
  • 1958 - Lester Bates becomes mayor.
  • 1960 - South Carolina Department of Corrections headquartered in city.
  • 1961
    • Richland Mall in business.
    • Historic Columbia Foundation established.
  • 1963 - Columbia Festival Orchestra founded.
  • 1966 - Hammond School founded.
  • 1968 - University of South Carolina's Carolina Coliseum opens.
  • 1970
    • Dutch Square shopping mall in business.
    • John Tucker Campbell becomes mayor.
    • Population: 112,542.
  • 1974
    • Riverbanks Zoo opens.
    • Shambhala Center founded.
  • 1976 - WLTR radio begins broadcasting.
  • 1977 - Palmetto Alliance (antinuclear group) founded.
  • 1978 - Kirkman Finlay becomes mayor.
  • 1979
    • Masjid as-Salaam (Muslim center) built.
    • Nickelodeon Theater opens.
    • Columbia becomes part of Tree City USA.
  • 1980 - South Carolina Military Museum established.
  • 1981 - Harvest Hope Food Bank established.[3]
  • 1983 - Chicora Foundation (historic preservation group) established.
  • 1984 - Hindu Temple built.
  • 1986 - T. Patton Adams becomes mayor.
  • 1987 - AT&T Building constructed.
  • 1988
    • South Carolina State Museum opens.
    • University of South Carolina's Koger Center for the Arts built.
  • 1990
    • Bob Coble becomes mayor.
    • Population: 98,052.
  • 1991 - Sidney Park opens.
  • 1992 - Masjid Al-Muslimiin (mosque) built.
  • 1993
    • Richland County Public Library new main branch building opens.
    • Jim Clyburn becomes U.S. representative for South Carolina's 6th congressional district.
  • 1994 - Sikh Religious Society founded.
  • 1996 - City website online.

21st century

  • 2000 - January 17: Confederate flag protest.
  • 2001 - Columbia Zen Buddhist Priory founded.
  • 2002
    • Colonial Center (arena) opens.
    • Central Midlands Regional Transit Authority and Ganden Mahayana Buddhist established.
  • 2005 - Columbia City Paper begins publication.
  • 2007 - Columbia Quadsquad (rollerderby league) formed.
  • 2009 - Fort Jackson National Cemetery established.
  • 2010
    • Stephen K. Benjamin becomes first African-American in city elected mayor.
    • Population: 129,272 city; 767,598 metro.

Timeline of Columbia, South Carolina Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.