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Weyburn
City
City of Weyburn
Weyburn POOL (126040461).jpg
Flag of Weyburn
Flag
Nickname(s): The Opportunity City
Motto: "Vision, Achievement, Progress"
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Census division Division #2
Area
 • Total 15.78 km2 (6.09 sq mi)
Elevation 561 m (1,841 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 10,484
Website City of Weyburn

Weyburn is the ninth-largest city in Saskatchewan, Canada. It is on the Souris River 110 kilometres (68 mi) southeast of the provincial capital of Regina and is 70 km (43 mi) north from the North Dakota border in the United States. The name is reputedly a corruption of the Scottish "wee burn," referring to a small creek. The city is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Weyburn No. 67.

History

The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) reached the future site of Weyburn from Brandon, Manitoba in 1892 and the Soo Line from North Portal on the US border in 1893. A post office opened in 1895 and a land office in 1899 in anticipation of the land rush which soon ensued. In 1899, Knox Presbyterian Church was founded with its building constructed in 1906 in the high-pitched gable roof and arches, standing as a testimony to the faith and optimism in the Weyburn area. Weyburn was legally constituted a village in 1900, a town in 1903 and finally as a city in 1913. From 1910 until 1931 the Weyburn Security Bank was headquartered in the city.

Weyburn had since become an important railroad town in Saskatchewan – the Pasqua branch or the Souris, Arcola, Weyburn, Regina CPR branch; Portal Section on the CPR / Soo Line; Moose Jaw, Weyburn, Shaunavon, Lethbridge CPR section; the Brandon, Marfield, Carlyle, Lampman, Radville, Willow Bunch section of the Canadian National Railway (CNR); and the Regina, Weyburn, Radville, Estevan, Northgate CNR section have all run through Weyburn.

Weyburn was previously home to the Souris Valley Mental Health Hospital, which was closed as a health care facility and sold in 2006, and demolished in 2009. When the mental hospital opened in 1921, it was the largest building in the British Commonwealth and was considered to be on the cutting edge of experimental treatments for people with mental disabilities. The facility had a reputation of leading the way in therapeutic programming. At its peak, the facility was home to approximately 2,500 patients. The history of the facility is explored in the documentary Weyburn: An Archaeology of Madness.

In 2016, Weyburn was named best place to live in Saskatchewan by MoneySense magazine, which had measured quality of life in 219 cities in Canada. The city was ranked second best city to live among all prairie cities in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, being ranked above all small, medium and large sizes of cities in the Prairies such as Calgary, Edmonton, Regina, Saskatoon, and Winnipeg.

Demographics

Census Population
1901 113
1911 2,210
1921 3,193
1931 5,002
1941 6,119
1951 7,148
1961 9,101
1971 8,815
1981 9,523
1991 9,673
2001 9,534
2006 9,433
2011 10,484

The city had a population of 10,484 in 2011, having increased from 9,433 in 2006.

Canada census – Weyburn community profile
2011 2006
Population: 10,484 (11.1% from 2006) 9,433 (-1.1% from 2001)
Land area: 18.49 km2 (7.14 sq mi) 15.78 km2 (6.09 sq mi)
Population density: 566.9/km2 (1,468/sq mi) 597.7/km2 (1,548/sq mi)
Median age: 41.8 (M: 39.5, F: 43.9)
Total private dwellings: 4,645 4,267
Median household income: $49,793
References: 2011 2006 earlier

Geography and climate

Weyburn is situated near the upper delta of the 470-mile (760 km) long Souris River. The Souris River continues southeast through North Dakota eventually meeting the Assiniboine River in Manitoba. In the 1800s this area was known as an extension of the Greater Yellow Grass Marsh. Extensive flood control programs have created reservoirs, parks and waterfowl centres along the Souris River. Between 1988 and 1995, the Rafferty-Alameda Project was constructed to alleviate spring flooding problems created by the Souris River.

Climate

Climate data for Weyburn, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1916–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
16.0
(60.8)
23.5
(74.3)
32.2
(90)
37.5
(99.5)
40.5
(104.9)
42.5
(108.5)
40.0
(104)
38.0
(100.4)
31.1
(88)
24.0
(75.2)
14.5
(58.1)
42.5
(108.5)
Average high °C (°F) -8.2
(17.2)
-5.4
(22.3)
1.4
(34.5)
11.9
(53.4)
18.6
(65.5)
23.2
(73.8)
26.5
(79.7)
26.2
(79.2)
19.6
(67.3)
11.4
(52.5)
0.8
(33.4)
-6.1
(21)
10.0
(50)
Daily mean °C (°F) -13.5
(7.7)
-10.5
(13.1)
-3.6
(25.5)
5.2
(41.4)
11.7
(53.1)
16.7
(62.1)
19.6
(67.3)
18.8
(65.8)
12.5
(54.5)
5.1
(41.2)
-4.2
(24.4)
-11.1
(12)
3.9
(39)
Average low °C (°F) -18.8
(-1.8)
-15.6
(3.9)
-8.7
(16.3)
-1.5
(29.3)
4.8
(40.6)
10.1
(50.2)
12.7
(54.9)
11.4
(52.5)
5.5
(41.9)
-1.3
(29.7)
-9.1
(15.6)
-16.2
(2.8)
-2.2
(28)
Record low °C (°F) -42.9
(-45.2)
-41.9
(-43.4)
-41.1
(-42)
-30.6
(-23.1)
-13.3
(8.1)
-3.9
(25)
-2.2
(28)
-2.2
(28)
-13.3
(8.1)
-20.6
(-5.1)
-34.0
(-29.2)
-42.0
(-43.6)
-42.9
(-45.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19.7
(0.776)
11.9
(0.469)
22.2
(0.874)
27.6
(1.087)
56.8
(2.236)
75.5
(2.972)
66.1
(2.602)
47.5
(1.87)
33.2
(1.307)
24.2
(0.953)
18.5
(0.728)
20.8
(0.819)
423.9
(16.689)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.7
(0.028)
0.8
(0.031)
6.1
(0.24)
19.2
(0.756)
51.3
(2.02)
75.5
(2.972)
66.1
(2.602)
47.5
(1.87)
32.1
(1.264)
16.4
(0.646)
2.2
(0.087)
0.5
(0.02)
318.2
(12.528)
Snowfall cm (inches) 19.0
(7.48)
11.1
(4.37)
16.1
(6.34)
8.3
(3.27)
5.5
(2.17)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.1
(0.43)
7.8
(3.07)
16.4
(6.46)
20.3
(7.99)
105.7
(41.61)
Sunshine hours 98.0 125.4 150.4 222.7 268.3 309.4 353.0 294.5 192.5 176.0 117.3 80.1 2,387.7
Source: Environment Canada

Culture

The Soo Line Historical Museum (c. 1910) is a Municipal Heritage Property under Saskatchewan's Heritage Property Act.

Weyburn is also home to the world's first curling museum, the Turner Curling Museum.

Sports and recreation

Weyburn is the home of the Weyburn Red Wings of the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League (SJHL) and the Beavers of the Western Major Baseball League, a collegiate summer baseball league in Canada's prairie provinces. In addition, Weyburn is home to Saskatchewan's largest amateur wrestling club. [weyburn cobra wrestling club]

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