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Alaskan ice cream facts for kids

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Alaskan ice cream
Alaska wild berries.jpg
Alaska wild berries from the Innoko National Wildlife Refuge, a mixture of true berries (blue Vaccinium uliginosum and red Vaccinium vitis-idaea) and aggregate fruits (red Rubus arcticus). These berries are used in Alaskan ice cream.
Alternative names Native ice cream, Alaskan ice cream
Type Dessert
Place of origin United States
Region or state Alaska
Created by Alaskan Athabaskans
Main ingredients dried fish or meat, fat, berries

Alaskan ice cream (also known as akutaq, Alaskan Native ice cream, Eskimo ice cream, or Native ice cream) is a dessert made of dried fish (especially pike, sheefish or inconnu, whitefish or cisco, freshwater whitefishes), dried moose or caribou meat and fat and berries (especially cowberry, bilberry, cranberry, bearberry, crowberry, [high-bush] salmonberry, low-bush salmonberry, raspberry, prickly rose) or mild sweeteners such as roots of Indian potato or wild carrot, mixed and whipped with a whisk or formerly hand made by Alaskan Athabaskans. Traditionally, it was made with whipped fat mixed with berries like cranberries, salmonberries, crowberries, cloudberries (also known as salmonberry in Alaska), and blueberries, fish, tundra greens, or roots with animal oil or fat. It may also include whitefish, caribou tallow, moose tallow, walrus tallow, or seal oil. There is also a kind of akutaq which is called snow akutaq. The most common recipes for Indian ice cream consist of dried and pulverized moose or caribou tenderloin that is blended with moose fat (traditionally in a birch bark container) until the mixture is light and fluffy. It may be eaten unfrozen or frozen, and in the latter case it somewhat resembles commercial ice cream.

Not to be confused with Canadian Indian ice cream (or sxusem) of First Nations in British Columbia and kulfi (or Indian ice cream) from the Indian Subcontinent of Asia.

The "ice cream songs" used to be sung during the preparation of Alaskan Athabascan Indian ice cream.

Recent additions include sugar, milk, and vegetable shortening.

Native names

Athabaskan language ice cream literally
Ahtna ?
Dena’ina nivagi
Deg Xinag vanhgiq
Holikachuk nathdlod
Koyukon nonaałdlode "creamed one" or "that which has been whipped up"
Upper Kuskokwim nemaje
Lower Tanana nonathdlodi
Tanacross nanehdlaad
Upper Tanana ?
Gwich’in it’suh
Hän ?
Inuit-Yupik language ice cream literally
Iñupiaq (Northern) akutuq 'mixed/stirred together'
Inupiaq (Bering Straits) agutaq 'mixed/stirred together'
Yup'ik akutaq 'mixed/stirred together'
Alutiiq (Northern) akutaq, sisuq
Alutiiq (Southern) akutaq, pirinaq
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Alaskan ice cream Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.