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Albert Sabin
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Albert Saperstein

(1906-08-26)August 26, 1906
Died March 3, 1993(1993-03-03) (aged 86)
Cause of death Heart Failure
Citizenship Poland, United States
Alma mater New York University
Known for oral polio vaccine
Awards see article
Scientific career
Fields immunology, virology

Albert Bruce Sabin (August 26, 1906 – March 3, 1993) was a Polish-born American medical researcher best known for having developed an oral polio vaccine. He received many awards and honors including the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Early life

Sabin was born Albert Saperstein on August 26, 1906 in Białystok, Russian Empire (now Poland). He was of Jewish descent. He was raised in New York City, New York and in Patterson, New Jersey. He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1930 and changed his last name to Sabin. Sabin studied at Patterson High School and at New York University.


He was married to Sylvia Tregillus from 1935 until her death in 1966. Then he was married to Jane Warner from 1967 until they divorced in 1971. Then he was married to Heloisa Dunshee de Abranches from 1972 until his death in 1996. He had two daughters with Tregillus.


Sabin died on March 3, 1993 in his home in Washington, D.C. from heart failure, aged 86. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.


  • Election to the Polio Hall of Fame, which was dedicated in Warm Springs, Georgia, on January 2, 1958.
  • National Medal of Science (1970)
  • Presidential Medal of Freedom (1986)
  • In 1999, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center named its new education and conference center for Sabin.
  • On March 6, 2006, the US Postal Service issued an 87¢ postage stamp carrying his image, in its Distinguished Americans series.
  • In early 2010, Sabin was proposed by the Ohio Historical Society as a finalist in a statewide vote for inclusion in Statuary Hall at the United States Capitol.
  • In 2012, Albert Sabin was named a "Great Ohioan" by the Capitol Square Foundation.

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