kids encyclopedia robot

Alberta Coal Branch facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Alberta Coal Branch
Status Open
Locale Yellowhead County
Termini Alberta Highway 16
Brazeau River
Type Branch
System Canadian National Railway
Services 2
Opened 1912 (1912)
Line length 57 mi (92 km)
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Alberta Coal Branch is located in Alberta
Alberta Coal Branch
Alberta Coal Branch
Location in Alberta

The Alberta Coal Branch is the name given to a segment of the Canadian National Railway (originally the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway) and the region through which it passes. It is located within Yellowhead County in west-central Alberta, Canada.


The Coal Branch region encompasses a portion of the eastern slopes and foothills of the Canadian Rockies east of Jasper National Park. It extends from Alberta Highway 16 in the north to the Brazeau River in the south. The McLeod, Lovett and Embarras Rivers flow through it, and it includes many former coal-mining towns and ghost towns.


The Coal Branch rail line was built between 1911 and 1912 by the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway to gain access to deposits of high-quality steam coal. It diverges from the main line at Bickerdike and runs south through Coalspur to the Lovett River, a distance of 57 miles (90 km). A series of coal mining, railroad, and logging towns quickly developed along the route. Going south from Bickerdike, they include McLeod River, Erith, Weald, Embarras, Robb, Coalspur, Diss, Sterco, Foothills and Lovetteville.

A western branch that opened in the summer of 1913 diverges at Coalspur and extends 37 miles (60 km) to Mountain Park. Along that route lie Mercoal, Shaw, Leyland, Cadomin, and Mountain Park. In 1921 a spur 5 miles (10 km) long was built to Luscar.

The Coal Branch towns thrived from the arrival of the railroad until markets for steam coal declined as the railroads replaced steam locomotives with diesel. Most of the mines closed during the 1950s, after which the population quickly declined and many of the towns were abandoned.

Today the permanent population of the area is small, but the scenic mountain setting makes the Coal Branch area a popular destination for all types of outdoor recreation. Coal mining continues near Luscar, producing coking coal for export to Asian steel mills, but most of the workforce lives to the north in Edson and Hinton.

National Hispanic Heritage Month on Kiddle
Influential Hispanic politicians
Carlos Gutierrez
Sonia Sotomayor
Alberto Gonzales
Susana Martinez
kids search engine
Alberta Coal Branch Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.