Alderson, West Virginia facts for kids

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Alderson, West Virginia
Town
Historic section on the Monroe County side
Historic section on the Monroe County side
Location of Alderson, West Virginia
Location of Alderson, West Virginia
Country United States
State West Virginia
Counties Greenbrier, Monroe
Area
 • Total 0.95 sq mi (2.46 km2)
 • Land 0.89 sq mi (2.31 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation 1,549 ft (472 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,184
 • Estimate (2012) 1,184
 • Density 1,330.3/sq mi (513.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 24910
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-00772
GNIS feature ID 1534854
Alderson Memorial Bridge in West Virginia
The historic Alderson Memorial Bridge

Alderson is a town with portions in Greenbrier and Monroe counties, West Virginia, USA. Although split physically by the Greenbrier River, the town functions as one entity, including that of town government. The population was 1,184 at the 2010 census.

History

Alderson is a community located along the Greenbrier River in Greenbrier County and Monroe County, incorporated in 1881. Alderson was originally settled in 1777 by "Elder" John Alderson, a frontier missionary for whom the town is named, who organized the first Baptist church in the Greenbrier Valley. In 1763, the nearby Muddy Creek settlements were destroyed by Shawnee Indians under Chief Cornstalk. Alderson is the location of the historic Federal Reformatory for Women, opened in 1927, the first Federal prison for women. During the early 1900s, Alderson became a hub of higher education in the state. It was home to three separate institutions of higher education, including the Alderson Academy and Junior College, which eventually was integrated into Alderson–Broaddus College in 1932.

The Alexander McVeigh Miller House in Greenbrier County is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Sunset Hill is listed in Monroe County. The Alderson Bridge and Alderson Historic District are located in both counties.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.95 square miles (2.46 km2), of which 0.89 square miles (2.31 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Alderson, West Virginia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 45.3
(7.39)
47.6
(8.67)
56.7
(13.72)
69.6
(20.89)
77.0
(25)
83.5
(28.61)
86.4
(30.22)
85.2
(29.56)
79.3
(26.28)
70.8
(21.56)
57.9
(14.39)
45.3
(7.39)
67.05
(19.472)
Average low °F (°C) 23.8
(-4.56)
24.3
(-4.28)
30.3
(-0.94)
39.2
(4)
47.6
(8.67)
56.6
(13.67)
60.7
(15.94)
60.3
(15.72)
52.8
(11.56)
41.9
(5.5)
30.3
(-0.94)
24.1
(-4.39)
40.99
(4.995)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.0
(76)
2.8
(71)
3.5
(89)
3.2
(81)
3.8
(97)
3.4
(86)
3.9
(99)
3.1
(79)
3.1
(79)
2.5
(64)
2.6
(66)
3.0
(76)
37.9
(963)
Source: Weatherbase

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 478
1890 663 38.7%
1900 518 −21.9%
1910 1,252 141.7%
1920 1,401 11.9%
1930 1,458 4.1%
1940 1,493 2.4%
1950 1,489 −0.3%
1960 1,225 −17.7%
1970 1,278 4.3%
1980 1,375 7.6%
1990 1,152 −16.2%
2000 1,091 −5.3%
2010 1,184 8.5%
Est. 2015 1,182 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,184 people, 518 households, and 315 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,330.3 inhabitants per square mile (513.6/km2). There were 602 housing units at an average density of 676.4 per square mile (261.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 91.0% White, 5.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.

There were 518 households of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.2% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the town was 42.8 years. 20.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.5% were from 45 to 64; and 19.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,091 people, 481 households, and 305 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,214.5 inhabitants per square mile (468.0/km²). There were 586 housing units at an average density of 652.3 per square mile (251.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.83% White, 6.60% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.18% Asian, and 2.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.10% of the population.

There were 481 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $23,043, and the median income for a family was $29,028. Males had a median income of $31,000 versus $20,938 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,474. About 17.8% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.7% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

See also: Alderson (Amtrak station)

Amtrak, the national passenger rail service, provides service to Alderson under the Cardinal route.

Local Events

Alderson has the second largest Fourth of July Celebration in West Virginia (behind Ripley). Each year the events span an entire week, always ending with a "Rubber Ducky" race on the Greenbrier River. Each year, events include...a fireman's rodeo, an old-fashion gospel sing, a band each night, a car show, a grand parade, field events, talent show, pageant, fireworks and more.

Images for kids


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