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Alfred, New York
Aerial view of Alfred village, taken April 2006. Alfred State College is near the bottom of the photo, and at the upper-middle is Alfred University.
Aerial view of Alfred village, taken April 2006. Alfred State College is near the bottom of the photo, and at the upper-middle is Alfred University.
Alfred (village), New York is located in New York
Alfred (village), New York
Alfred (village), New York
Location in New York
Alfred (village), New York is located in the United States
Alfred (village), New York
Alfred (village), New York
Location in the United States
Alfred (village), New York is located in North America
Alfred (village), New York
Alfred (village), New York
Location in North America
Country United States
State New York
County Allegany
Town Alfred
First settled 1807
Incorporated (Village) 1881
 • Total 1.19 sq mi (3.08 km2)
 • Land 1.19 sq mi (3.08 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,765 ft (538 m)
 • Total 4,174
 • Estimate 
 • Density 3,353.78/sq mi (1,295.07/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 607
FIPS code 36-01198
GNIS feature ID 0942313

Alfred is a village located in the town of Alfred in Allegany County, New York, United States. The population was 4,174 at the 2010 census. The village lies in the north-central part of the town of Alfred on the eastern edge of Allegany County. It is named after Alfred the Great.

Alfred is located in the hills of western New York along the Southern Tier. The layout of the valley is such that the lowest part contains the village, and upon the hills to the east and west are Alfred University and Alfred State College, respectively. The valley was originally called Kanakadea (or Canakadea, or other spellings) by Native Americans. Local folklore states that Kanakadea means "where the earth meets the sky".

Alfred is located in the 607 (telephone) area code, 14802 zip (postal) code, and is in the second poorest county in the state (Allegany). The closest cities are Hornell and Olean.

The elevation of Alfred is about 1,700 feet (520 m) but rises to a high point of 2,355 feet (718 m) at the summit of Jericho Hill just south of the village. The hills greatly affect the weather in the region, which results in quick changes as well as different conditions in neighboring valleys.

The village hosts the annual Hot Dog Day festival (early April).

The village is home to one of the largest optical telescopes in New York state, at the Stull Observatory at Alfred University. Alfred State College is also located in the village.


The village was first settled around 1807 and was incorporated in 1881. The village was previously called "Alfred Centre".

The following are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Alfred Village Historic District, Alumni Hall, Fireman's Hall, Allen Steinheim Museum and the Terra Cotta Building.


Alfred is approximately located at 42.3° north latitude, 77.8° west longitude.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), all of it land. A small stream, Canacadea Creek, flows through the center of the village, then to the Canisteo River, part of the Susquehanna River watershed. The topography is steep hill country, part of the Allegheny Plateau, a physiographic region that is part of the Appalachian Mountains.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 177
1880 513
1890 786 53.2%
1900 756 −3.8%
1910 759 0.4%
1920 598 −21.2%
1930 639 6.9%
1940 694 8.6%
1950 2,053 195.8%
1960 2,807 36.7%
1970 3,804 35.5%
1980 4,967 30.6%
1990 4,559 −8.2%
2000 3,954 −13.3%
2010 4,174 5.6%
2019 (est.) 3,991 −4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,954 people, 530 households, and 169 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,352.5 people per square mile (1,293.8/km2). There were 576 housing units at an average density of 488.4 per square mile (188.5/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 90.21% White, 4.40% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 2.71% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.21% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.73% of the population.

There were 530 households, out of which 12.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.0% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 68.1% were non-families. 38.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.73.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 3.0% under the age of 18, 83.1% from 18 to 24, 5.9% from 25 to 44, 4.6% from 45 to 64, and 3.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 20 years. For every 100 females, there were 144.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 147.2 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $21,313, and the median income for a family was $70,694. Males had a median income of $15,750 versus $39,375 for females. The per capita income for the village was $8,224. About 2.0% of families and 37.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Alfred (villa) para niños

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