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American Civil War Corps Badges facts for kids

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Co C 110th Pennsylvania Infanry
Co C 110th Pennsylvania Infantry after the Battle of Fredericksburg Va. An excellent photograph showing the Union Army white Diamond shaped III Corps Badges on the caps

Corps badges in the American Civil War were originally worn by soldiers of the Union Army on the top of their army forage cap, left side of the hat, or over their left chest pocket. The idea was suggested by Major Geneneral Philip Kearny. During a battle he reprimanded officers that turned out to not be under his command. To prevent that from happening again, he ordered the men in his division to sew a 2 inches (51 mm) square of red cloth on their hats. This idea was adopted by Major General Joseph Hooker after he assumed command of the Army of the Potomac. This was so any soldier could be identified at a distance.

Corps badges

Maj. Gen. Daniel Butterfield, Hooker's chief of staff, was assigned the task of designing a distinctive shape for each corps badge. Butterfield also decided that each division in the corps should have a variation of the corps badge in a different color. Division badges were colored as follows:

  1. Red — First division of corps
  2. White — Second division of corps
  3. Blue — Third division of corps

These were used in the United States' Army of the Potomac. These rules were adopted by other Union Armies, however it was not universal. For example, the XIII Corps never adopted a badge. Also, the XIX Corps had the first division wear a red badge, the second division wear a blue badge, and the third division wear white.

For Army corps that had more than three divisions, the standardization was lost:

  1. Green — Fourth division of VI, IX, and XX Corps
  2. Yellow — Fourth division of XV Corps (reportedly Orange was also used for a 5th Division Badge)
  3. Multicolor — Headquarters or artillery elements (certain corps)

The badges for enlisted men were cut from colored cloth. Officer's badges were privately made and of a higher quality. Metallic badges were often made by jewelers and were personalized for the user. The badges eventually became part of the Army regulations and a great source of regimental pride.

I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIV XV XVI XVII XVIII

XIX XX XXI XXII XXIII XXIV XXV Cavalry corps

Corps badges gallery

Corps flags, Army of the Potomac

I Corps, Army of the Potomac

Icorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Flag, I Corps
Icorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Flag, I Corps
Icorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Flag, I Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

II Corps, Army of the Potomac

IIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Flag, II Corps, Army of the Potomac
IIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Flag, II Corps, Army of the Potomac
IIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Flag, II Corps, Army of the Potomac
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division
IIcorpsbadgehq
Union Army Corps Hqr's, II Corps, Army of the Potomac
IIcorpsbadgeart
Union Army Artillery Brigade, II Corps, Army of the Potomac
IIcorpsbadgeqm
Union Army Quartermaster Badge, II Corps, Army of the Potomac
Corps Hqr's Artillery Brigade Quartermaster

III Corps, Army of the Potomac

IIIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Flag, III Corps
IIIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Flag, III Corps
IIIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Flag, III Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

IV Corps, Army of the Potomac

IVcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Flag, IV Corps
IVcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Flag, IV Corps
IVcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Flag, IV Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

V Corps, Army of the Potomac

Vcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Flag, V Corps
Vcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Flag, V Corps
Vcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Flag, V Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

VI Corps, Army of the Potomac

VIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Flag, VI Corps
VIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Flag, VI Corps
VIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Flag, VI Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

IX Corps, Army of the Potomac

IXcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, IX Corps
IXcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, IX Corps
IXcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, IX Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division
IXcorpsbadge4
Union Army 4th Division Badge, IX Corps
4th Division

XI Corps, Army of the Potomac

XIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XI Corps
XIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XI Corps
XIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XI Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

XII Corps, Army of the Potomac

XIIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XII Corps
XIIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XII Corps
XIIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XII Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

Corps flags, other Union armies

VII Corps, Dept of Arkansas

VIIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, VII Corps
VIIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, VII Corps
VIIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, VII Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

VIII Corps, Middle Department

VIIIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, VIII Corps
VIIIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, VIII Corps
VIIIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, VIII Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

X Corps, Department of South

Xcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, X Corps
Xcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, X Corps
Xcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, X Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

XIII Corps, Army of the Tennessee

No badge was designated for the XIII Corps.

XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland

XIVcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XIV Corps
XIVcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XIV Corps
XIVcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XIV Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

XV Corps, Army of the Tennessee

XVcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XV Corps
XVcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XV Corps
XVcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XV Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division
XVcorpsbadge4
Union Army 4th Division Badge, XV Corps
XVcorpsbadgehq
Union Army Headquarters Badge, XV Corps
4th Division Headquarters

XVI Corps, Military Division of West Mississippi

XVIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XVI Corps
XVIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XVI Corps
XVIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XVI Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

XVII Corps, Army of the Tennessee

XVIIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XVII Corps
XVIIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XVII Corps
XVIIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XVII Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

XVIII Corps, Army of the James

XVIIIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XVIII Corps
XVIIIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XVIII Corps
XVIIIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XVIII Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

XIX Corps, Middle Military Division

XIXcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XIX Corps
XIXcorpsbadge3
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XIX Corps
XIXcorpsbadge2
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XIX Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

XX Corps, Army of the Cumberland

XIIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XX Corps
XIIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XX Corps
XIIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XX Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

{Note:XX Corps Badges same as the old XII Corps; the XX Corps was consolidated from the XI and XII Corps}

XXI Corps

XXIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XXI Corps
XXIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XXI Corps
XXIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XXI Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division
XXIcorpsbadgehq
Union Army Headquarters Badge, XXI Corps
Headquarters

XXII Corps, Dept of Washington

XXIIcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XXII Corps
XXIIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XXII Corps
XXIIcorpsbadge
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XXII Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

XXIII Corps, Dept of Ohio & Dept of North Carolina

XXIIIcorpsbadge
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XXIII Corps
XXIIIcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XXIII Corps
XXIIIcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XXIII Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

XXIV Corps, Dept of Virginia

XXIVcorpsbadge
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XXIV Corps
XXIVcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XXIV Corps
XXIVcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XXIV Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

XXV Corps, Army of the James, Dept of Texas

XXVcorpsbadge1
Union Army 1st Division Badge, XXV Corps
XXVcorpsbadge2
Union Army 2nd Division Badge, XXV Corps
XXVcorpsbadge3
Union Army 3rd Division Badge, XXV Corps
1st Division 2nd Division 3rd Division

Brigade badges

I Corps, Army of the Potomac

Icorps1div1brigade
Union Army I Corps, 1st Division Badge, 1st Brigade
Icorps2div1brigade
Union Army I Corps, 2nd Division Badge, 1st Brigade
Icorps3div1brigade
Union Army I Corps, 3rd Division Badge, 1st Brigade
Icorps1div2brigade
Union Army I Corps, 1st Division Badge, 2nd Brigade
Icorps2div2brigade
Union Army I Corps, 2nd Division Badge, 2nd Brigade
Icorps3div2brigade
Union Army I Corps, 3rd Division Badge, 2nd Brigade
Icorps1div3brigade
Union Army I Corps, 1st Division Badge, 3rd Brigade
Icorps2div3brigade
Union Army I Corps, 2nd Division Badge, 3rd Brigade
Icorps3div3brigade
Union Army I Corps, 3rd Division Badge, 3rd Brigade

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