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Americus Vespucius Rice
AVRice.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 5th district
In office
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1879
Preceded by Charles N. Lamison
Succeeded by Benjamin Le Fevre
Personal details
Born November 18, 1835
Perrysville, Ohio
Died April 4, 1904(1904-04-04) (aged 68)
Washington, D.C.
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mary A. Metcalf Rice
Children Mary Rice, Katherine Rice
Profession Politician, banker, businessman
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Branch/service United States Army
Union Army
Rank Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General
Unit 21st Ohio Infantry
57th Ohio Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War

Americus Vespucius Rice (November 18, 1835 – April 4, 1904) was a nineteenth-century politician, banker, and businessman from Ohio. He served in the Union Army during the American Civil War and was appointed brigadier general at the end of the war, on May 31, 1865. From 1875 to 1879, he served two consecutive terms in the United States House of Representatives.

Early life

Rice was born in Perrysville, Ohio, on November 18, 1835, to Clark Hammond Rice and Catherine (Mowers) Rice. He pursued in classical studies, attended Antioch College, graduated from Union College and studied law.

Civil War

GenAVRice
Brigadier General Americus V. Rice

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Rice was commissioned as a captain in the 21st Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment on April 27, 1861, and served until his regiment was mustered out of service on August 12 of the same year.

Rice was commissioned as a captain in the 57th Ohio Infantry on September 2, 1861. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel on February 8, 1862, and became the regiment's colonel on May 24, 1863.

As colonel of the 57th Ohio Infantry at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in the Atlanta Campaign, he was wounded and his right leg was amputated.

On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Rice for appointment as a brigadier general of volunteers to rank from a May 31, 1865, appointment date. Rice was mustered out of service on January 15, 1866. The United States Senate confirmed the appointment on February 23, 1866.

After the war, he became a member of the Ohio Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States – a military society consisting of officers who had served the Union and their descendants.

Postbellum career

After the close of the war, Rice was manager of a private banking house in Ottawa, Ohio, was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1872 and was elected a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives in 1874, serving from 1875 to 1879, not being a candidate for renomination in 1878. There, he served as chairman of the Committee on Invalid Pensions from 1877 to 1879. Afterward, he was president of A.V. Rice & Company, a banking concern in Ottawa, Ohio, was a director in various business enterprises and was appointed a pension agent for Ohio in 1893, serving from 1894 to 1898. Rice moved to Washington, D.C., in 1899 and engaged in banking and other various enterprises and was appointed a purchasing agent for the United States Census Bureau which he served as until his death in Washington, D.C. He was interred in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.

Genealogy

Americus Vespucius Rice was a direct descendant of Edmund Rice, an English immigrant to Massachusetts Bay Colony, as follows:

  • Americus Vespucius Rice, son of
    • Clark Hammond Rice (1804–1870), son of
    • Ebenezer Rice (1773–1821), son of
    • Samuel Rice (1752–1828), son of
    • Gershom Rice (1703 – ?), son of
        • Ephraim Rice (1665–1732), son of
        • Thomas Rice (1626–1681), son of
        • Edmund Rice (1594–1663)
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