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Anahim Peak
Bes But'a
Anahim Peak, British Columbia.jpg
West side of Anahim Peak
Highest point
Elevation 1,897 m (6,224 ft)
Prominence 542 m (1,778 ft)
Geography
Anahim Peak is located in British Columbia
Anahim Peak
Anahim Peak
Location in British Columbia
Parent range Chilcotin Plateau
Topo map NTS 93C/13
Geology
Age of rock 6.7 million years
Mountain type Volcanic plug
Volcanic belt Anahim Volcanic Belt

Anahim Peak, sometimes mistakenly called Anaheim, is a volcanic cone in the Anahim Volcanic Belt in British Columbia, Canada, located 39 km (24 mi) northwest of Anahim Lake and 11 km (7 mi) east of Tsitsutl Peak. It was formed when the North American Plate moved over a hotspot, similar to the one feeding the Hawaiian Islands, called the Anahim hotspot. It is one of the several volcanoes in the Anahim Volcanic Belt that stands out all by itself, rising from the Chilcotin Plateau, between the Rainbow Range and the Ilgachuz Range and near the headwaters of the Dean River.

Name

The Carrier (Dakelh) name for Anahim Peak is Bes But'a, meaning "obsidian peak"; the word bes occurs in local English as "beece", another word for obsidian and also an early designation for this mountain, although today's Beece Creek is not nearby but rather near Taseko Mountain some distance to the southeast. The name Anahim is that of Chief Anahim, a leader of the Tsilhqot'in people in the mid-19th Century.

Area and history

Anahim Peak was a significant source of obsidian for the Nuxalk, Tsilhqot'in, and Dakelh peoples. Obsidian was desirable because extremely sharp arrowheads and cutting knives could be made from it. It was also used for jewellery. Anahim obsidian was traded widely all over the BC Interior and up and down the Coast from Bella Coola. Red ochre was used in paint and decoration was also taken from this area. Anahim Peak is not far from the small community of Anahim Lake.

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