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Anthony Kennedy
Anthony Kennedy official SCOTUS portrait.jpg
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
In office
February 18, 1988 – July 31, 2018
Nominated by Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Lewis Powell
Succeeded by Brett Kavanaugh
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
In office
May 30, 1975 – February 18, 1988
Nominated by Gerald Ford
Preceded by Charles Merrill
Succeeded by Pamela Rymer
Personal details
Born
Anthony McLeod Kennedy

July 23, 1936 (1936-07-23) (age 85)
Sacramento, California, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Davis (1963–present)
Children 3
Education Stanford University (BA)
Harvard University (LLB) London School of Economics
Signature
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Branch/service California Army National Guard
United States Army National Guard
Years of service 1961

Anthony McLeod Kennedy (born July 23, 1936) is a former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated by President Ronald Reagan on November 11, 1987, and took the oath of office on February 18, 1988, serving until July 31, 2018.

Kennedy became the most senior Associate Justice on the court following the death of Antonin Scalia in February 2016. Since the retirement of Sandra Day O'Connor in 2006, he has been the swing vote on many of the Court's 5–4 decisions. He has authored the majority ruling in many of these cases, including Lawrence v. Texas, Boumediene v. Bush, Citizens United v. FEC, and Obergefell v. Hodges.

On June 27, 2018, Kennedy announced his retirement from the Supreme Court, effective July 31.

Background

Kennedy was born in Sacramento, California, on July 23, 1936. He went to Harvard University, Stanford University, and the London School of Economics. He was a private lawyer, a professor, and in 1975, he was appointed by Gerald Ford to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. In 1988, Ronald Reagan nominated him for the Supreme Court. He became a member of the court on February 18, 1988. He has two sons and a daughter.

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