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Arcadia, Louisiana
Downtown Arcadia, LA IMG 0807.JPG
Downtown Arcadia, Louisiana
Official name: Town of Arcadia
Country  United States
State  Louisiana
Elevation 384 ft (117 m)
Coordinates 32°33′07″N 92°55′27″W / 32.55194°N 92.92417°W / 32.55194; -92.92417
Area 7.9 km² (3.1 sq mi)
 - land 7.9 km² (3 sq mi)
 - water 0.0 km² (0 sq mi)
Population 2,919 (2010)
Density 369.0 /sq mi (142.5 /km²)
Incorporated 1855
Mayor Eugene Smith (D)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 71001
Area code 318
Arcadia, LA welcoming sign IMG 0800
Arcadia welcome sign
Eugene Smith (2016 photo), the mayor of Arcadia since 2003, retired from the state driver's license bureau.
MVI 2664 Arcadia Town Hall
Arcadia Town Hall and Police Station
Bienville Democrat newspaper, Arcadia, LA IMG 0808
The Bienville Democrat office in Arcadia
Crawford Elementary 3
Crawford Elementary School in Arcadia
Revised photo, First Baptist Church, Arcadia, LA IMG 0812
First Baptist Church of Arcadia; the Louisiana Baptist Convention was founded nearby in Mount Lebanon in 1848.
First United Methodist Church in Arcadia, LA IMG 0817
The First United Methodist Church in Arcadia

Arcadia is a town in and the parish seat of Bienville Parish in north Louisiana, United States. The population was 2,919 at the 2010 census. Arcadia has the highest elevation of any town in Louisiana.


Arcadia's name commemorates the Ancient Greek region of Arcadia.

In 1934, Bonnie and Clyde were sought throughout the Southeast for their robbing banks and associated crimes. They were killed near Arcadia by law-enforcement officers from Bienville Parish and Dallas County, Texas. The ambush occurred southwest of Arcadia on Louisiana State Highway 154 between Gibsland and Sailes. Gibsland has been a destination for tourism associated with Bonnie and Clyde. L.J. "Boots" Hinton, son of posse member Ted Hinton, operates the Bonnie and Clyde Ambush Museum.

Arcadia has been a center of the poultry industry, with up to 300 independent growers for years supplying the feed mill of Pilgrim's Pride, a poultry company, in Arcadia. In 2009 the company announced the closing of the mill and ending of other operations in nearby Athens in Claiborne Parish, Choudrant in Lincoln Parish, and Farmerville in Union Parish. The closings were estimated to cost North Louisiana a combined 1,300 jobs. Several weeks later, Pilgrim's Pride accepted an $80 million offer from Foster Farms of California to purchase their operations. In addition to the 1,300 direct jobs, mostly in Farmerville, the purchase provides a continuing market for some 300 growers. Foster Farms put up $40 million and the State of Louisiana a matching $40 million. Foster Farms will invest $10 million in capital improvements at the Farmerville plant, to be matched by the state, in an agreement announced by Governor Bobby Jindal.


Arcadia is located at 32°33′7″N 92°55′27″W / 32.55194°N 92.92417°W / 32.55194; -92.92417 (32.551931, -92.924233) and has an elevation of 384 feet (117.0 m).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.1 square miles (7.9 km2), all land.

It is 50 miles (80 km) east of Shreveport.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 862
1900 924 7.2%
1910 1,079 16.8%
1920 1,240 14.9%
1930 1,809 45.9%
1940 1,601 −11.5%
1950 2,241 40.0%
1960 2,547 13.7%
1970 2,970 16.6%
1980 3,403 14.6%
1990 3,079 −9.5%
2000 3,041 −1.2%
2010 2,919 −4.0%
Est. 2015 2,861 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,041 people, 1,071 households, and 737 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,025.6 people per square mile (395.3/km²). There were 1,231 housing units at an average density of 415.2 per square mile (160.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 37.98% White, 60.57% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.61% of the population.

There were 1,071 households, out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.0% were married couples living together, 27.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the town of Arcadia, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 81.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $21,661, and the median income for a family was $26,250. Males had a median income of $25,885 versus $17,279 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,962. About 27.1% of families and 31.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.7% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over.


The Arcadia-Bienville Parish Airport is located two nautical miles (2.3 mi, 3.7 km) southwest of Arcadia's central business district.

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