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Arcola, Texas
"Country life in the city"
Moving ahead in the 21st century"
Location of Arcola, Texas
Location of Arcola, Texas
Country United States
State Texas
County Fort Bend
 • Total 1.98 sq mi (5.12 km2)
 • Land 1.96 sq mi (5.07 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
66 ft (20 m)
 • Total 1,642
 • Density 839/sq mi (323.9/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
FIPS code 48-03708
GNIS feature ID 1329659

Arcola is a city in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States, within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 1,642 at the 2010 census, up from 1,048 at the 2000 census.

Arcola incorporated in 1986.


Map of Arcola

Arcola is located near the eastern edge of Fort Bend County at 29°30′5″N 95°27′50″W / 29.50139°N 95.46389°W / 29.50139; -95.46389 (29.501339, -95.463760). Texas State Highway 6 passes through the city, leading northwest 14 miles (23 km) to Sugar Land and southeast 14 miles to Alvin. Downtown Houston is 22 miles (35 km) to the north.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Arcola has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.1 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2), or 0.98%, is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 666
2000 1,048 57.4%
2010 1,642 56.7%
Est. 2015 1,668 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 Census, the population of Arcola has increased to 1,642.

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,640 people, 295 households, and 233 families residing in the city. The population density was 548.5 people per square mile (211.9/km²). There were 324 housing units at an average density of 169.6 per square mile (65.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 34.26% White, 34.16% African American, 0.38% Native American, 2.19% Asian, 27.10% from other races, and 1.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.91% of the population.

There were 295 households out of which 46.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.55 and the average family size was 4.06.

In the city, the population was spread out with 37.4% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 16.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,607, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $26,818 versus $21,172 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,735. About 24.3% of families and 26.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.3% of those under age 18 and 26.4% of those age 65 or over.

Law enforcement is provided by the Arcola Police Department, headed by Chief of Police Howard Sylve III. Fire protection is provided by the Fresno Volunteer Fire Department. Emergency medical service is provided by Fort Bend County EMS.


Houston Southwest Airport, a general aviation airport, is in the Arcola city limits.

  • [1] from the Handbook of Texas Online
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